13 Shocking Causes Of Unhealthy Gums

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While at times contributed by general users, our content is medically reviewed periodically by professionals for accuracy and relevance. We pride ourselves on our high-quality content and strive towards offering expertise while being authoritative. Our reviewers include doctors, nurses, mental health professionals, and even medical students.


Gums will decide your overall oral health, as they support your teeth to stand. There are many causes of unhealthy gums, and also, there are many repercussions of unhealthy gums that would ruin your oral health.

Plague is one of the causes of unhealthy gums, as will further result in tartar. But there are many other causes of unhealthy gums that one should learn. This article will help you get a brief knowledge about the causes of unhealthy gums.

A Little About Unhealthy Gums

Gums play a pivotal role in supporting your teeth to grow and are properly placed within the tooth surface. Your gums and bones that surround the teeth need special attention as these are necessary for your oral health.

It’s an arduous task to determine the causes of unhealthy gums without knowing consulting a professional in the dental field sometimes. But still, a few causes would destroy your gums and would affect your teeth as well.

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Stefano Garau on Shutterstock

Causes Of Unhealthy Gums

  • Plaque

Plaque is generally built up in your gums that obstruct your healthy gums and make them unhealthy by hosting bacterial infections.

This plaque would tend to have many consequences for causing gum infection initially then causing gum diseases like receding gums and finally gum recession. The plaque would also be one of the causes behind Gingivitis (one of the most dangerous oral health diseases)

Brushing properly and going for a dental check-up would help maintain your oral health and prevent these gum infections and diseases. You could also try deep cleaning to get rid of plaque and tartar.

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Sergii Kuchugurnyi on Shutterstock

  • Smoking

People who smoke daily will tend to have unhealthy gums. The habit of smoking will interfere with their gum tissue cells’ functioning, making their gums more sensitive to gum diseases.

Tobacco will ruin the health of your gums, making them easier for bacteria to spread infections. Tobacco also causes periodontal diseases and various harmful bacteria to affect your gums, making them recede and become weak.

Also, tobacco is extremely harmful to your physical health as well. So it is better to avoid chewing tobacco to protect your teeth and gums.

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Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

  • Hormonal Disturbances

Hormonal shifts or disturbances affect your oral health by making your gums unhealthy in some cases. Especially for pregnant women, menopause, menstrual cycles (monthly) will cause hormonal imbalance making your gums unhealthy and weak.

But it doesn’t mean that if you are pregnant or going to irregular periods, you will have unhealthy gums. But the fact is that you need to take extra care to prevent unhealthy gums.

As, during pregnancy, your gums get inflamed and irritated sometimes. For that, you need to brush and floss regularly to maintain your oral health. Also, you may suffer from bleeding gums due to hormonal changes during pregnancy.

Don’t worry and consult your doctor for a proper guide and advice.

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Photo by Ketut Subiyanto from Pexels

  • Prescription Medicines

Few medicines would reduce your saliva production and the flow that would cause your mouth to get dry. These conditions would host many bacterias that could affect your gum line and overall oral health.

For this, you need to consult your doctor before going for any prescription medicines.

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Photo by Ksenia Yakovleva on Unsplash

  • Lack of Vitamin C

There are some nutrients required for your oral health. For doing proper oral care, you need to add vitamins to your diet daily.

Vitamin C is necessary for your gum health and to prevent unhealthy gums as it will boost your gum health by strengthening your mouth’s soft tissue. Vitamin C will also help in healing and preventing gums diseases such as Gingivitis.

Overall, vitamin c is pivotal for preventing unhealthy gums, and you can try consuming citrus fruits to fulfill the requirement of Vitamin C.

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Photo by engin akyurt on Unsplash

  • Oral Hygiene

Oral Hygiene is another most important factor to keep your gums and teeth healthy as it determines how clean your teeth and gums are. Unhealthy gums and tooth surfaces would call for many oral health problems.

It’s not that just brushing would do your work, but you have to clean it with proper toothpaste and application. Similarly, it would help if you tried doing a few other activities to maintain your oral health. Some of these activities are:

  1. Floss your teeth regularly once a day
  2. Brushing regularly twice a day
  3. Use toothpaste with antibacterial properties
  4. Avoid drinking sugary drinks (rather drink a good amount of water)
  5. Clean your mouth (or brush) after eating a lot of sweets
  6. Use fluorides for your oral health care (as they are known to prevent cavities)
  • Crooked Teeth

Your teeth may overlap or be crooked as your mouth is a crowded area that will also cause misalignment problems, which will invite plaque due to gaps created between teeth and gums.

And plaque would harm the health of your gums. So you need to do proper cleaning to prevent plaque formed. As the plaque would host many unhealthy gum diseases that would also result in tooth loss if left untreated.

  • Family History

Unhealthy gums can be hereditary and may come from any member of your family. It would help if you talked to your dentist about this; you might get a proper recommendation for gums problems.

  • Aggressive Brushing

Aggressive brushing is another reason for unhealthy gums. If you brush your teeth with more force than required, it will cause receding gums that will further cause gum recession and cause bacterial gum infections.

  • Diabetes

Many reports came up with the linkage between unhealthy gums and diabetes. It’s not that every diabetic patient will have unhealthy gums.

But people with diabetes should be more alert for protecting their gum health as their gums will not receive a good amount of blood supply which will also cause weak gums and unhealthy gums.

Also, due to high blood sugar levels, they will suffer from dry mouth, another reason for unhealthy gums. So, people with high diabetes (type-2 diabetes) should take extra care of their dental health, along with their physical health.

  • Improper Diet

A good balanced traditional diet is always advisable to keep your gums healthy. Don’t wait for the signs of gum disease, but always try to boost your health with nutrients.

There are a few nutrients that your body needs for good gum health. Some of these are:

  1. Dairy Products will build your gum health (Especially cheese for saliva production)

2. Greeb and black teas would o miracles for your gum diseases (to get polyphenols for preventing and cleaning plaque)

3. Chewing Gums (always choose chewing gums without sugars)

4. Flouride rich foods (great for your teeth and gums)

  • Untreated Gum Problems

There are a few gum problems that will not cause visible symptoms at the early stage. But they need to be treated. For example, if you ignore plaque formed, it will cause dangerous gum diseases, making your gum unhealthy. So it is always essential to take care of your gum health.

  • Hard Bristle Toothbrushes

You should be aware of what type of brush you are choosing. Try to use a soft-bristled toothbrush to prevent unhealthy gums because a hard-bristled toothbrush will destroy your gums, causing them to recede or tear.

Remedies For Unhealthy Gums

  1. Green tea will help in keeping your gums healthy and will reduce inflamed gums.

2. Hydrogen peroxide acts as an antiseptic to heal cuts and teras of gum tissue cells.

3. Aloe vera for soothing effects and painful gums (swollen gums).

4. Turmeric paste is a great antibacterial agent with healing properties and anti-inflammatory factors.

5. Salt Water will help in reducing the infection caused to your gums.

Read more about seven ultimate home remedies for Gingivitis.

Unhealthy Gums

Your gums play a very crucial character and supportive role in your mouth. To maintain your oral health, you should try to keep your gums healthy and bacteria-free. Many remedies will help in marinating good gum health to prevent the fear of unhealthy gums.

Click here to check out more articles like this.

A Helpful Guide To Dental Plaque
Icy Health
While at times contributed by general users, our content is medically reviewed periodically by professionals for accuracy and relevance. We pride ourselves on our high-quality content and strive towards offering expertise while being authoritative. Our reviewers include doctors, nurses, mental health professionals, and even medical students. -----------------------------------

Any information found on the site does not constitute legal or medical advice. Should you face health issues, please visit your doctor to get yourself diagnosed. Icy Health offers expert opinions and advice for informational purposes only. This is not a substitute for professional medical advice.



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