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This is an introductory guide on Psoriasis for scalp treatments.
Psoriasis for scalp is a very common skin disorder that causes scaly lesions and reddish patches. It can either cover a small region of your scalp or might affect the entire scalp.
It can spread to other nearby regions such as the forehead, back of the ear, and even face. It is non-communicable, which means if one person has Psoriasis, the other person will not get affected.
The cause or source of Psoriasis for scalp is not yet known and discovered. Doctors believe the fact that Psoriasis of the scalp has arisen from certain disorders in the immune system.
It causes rapid skin cell growth and builds into scaly patches and lesions. If someone in the family has scalp psoriasis, then the person is likely to have scalp psoriasis.
Sometimes severe Psoriasis may happen and spread to another region. That is, it can affect any skin surface.
Mild Psoriasis for scalp also happens that is almost unnoticeable. It can also be transformed to severe Psoriasis for scalp, which lasts for a long time, and causes thick, red patches and sores. Intense itching can affect someone’s sleep and cause restlessness.
It can cause a lot of itching and scratchiness, leading to hair breakage and skin infections. Psoriasis of scalp is sometimes an outcome of environmental factors too.
Symptoms of Psoriasis for Scalp:
- Scaly lesions
- Reddish and bumpy patches
- Dandruff like flakes
- Dry scalp
- Hair loss
Effects of Scalp Psoriasis:
Psoriasis for scalp does not cause hair loss in itself but scratching very hard causes breakage of the hair from the scalp.
The scaly spots, harsh treatments, and stress develop a situation or condition, causing temporary hair loss.
If such symptoms get severe, one should visit a dermatologist or specialists. They diagnose scalp psoriasis and, based on it, offer a treatment plan. They also allow a biopsy to be undertaken to pinpoint the chronic condition.
The National Psoriasis Foundation estimates that scalp psoriasis may occur in 45 to 56 percent of people. Treatment options can lessen symptoms and help prevent complications.
What does Psoriasis look like?
Scalp psoriasis causes a buildup of skin cells, resulting in thick silvery scales, reddish and itchy patches. Lighter skin has pink or reddish patches, while a darker shade of skin has dark brown patches.
Psoriasis appears in a region that has a lot of friction, such as behind the ears of the people who make repeated use of spectacles or glasses. It is often confused with yet another skin infection called seborrheic dermatitis. Seborrheic dermatitis has a greasy appearance.
Medical Treatments of Psoriasis:
Health care professionals such as dermatologists and specialists diagnose and prescribe the right and appropriate medication to avail. Scalp psoriasis is difficult to treat since hair covers the whole scalp, and its visibility is deterred.
The most usual treatments for scalp psoriasis are topical medications, systemic treatments, biological treatments, and phototherapy treatments. Some of them may be used together for a better result.
Topical Medication for Scalp Psoriasis:
Scalp psoriasis has topical treatments as the most preferred way of treating it. It involves the usage of cream or medicated shampoos that can be directly applied to the affected area. The medication involves:
- Coal tar
- Salicylic acid
- Clobetasol propionate
Salicylic acid help in shedding the silvery scale and softening the scale that has developed due to the scalp getting affected due to Psoriasis.
However, some of the patients can be allergic to salicylic acid. This can lead to skin irritation, wearing of hair, and ultimately resulting in hair loss.
Coal tar products are derived from coal. It is considered to slow down the growth of skin cells and decrease the amount of itchiness and irritation. It also helps in the restoration of the normal skin appearance and reduces inflammation.
Researchers have medically reviewed that shampoos with clobetasol propionate at a strength of 0.05% are considered highly effective and safe for both treatment and prevention of the cause. However, it is not prescribed to patients under 18 years of age.
Some topical creams with vitamin D, if applied on affected areas, are considered to slow down the growth of skin cells.
Systemic and Biological Medication:
When the intensity of severity of scalp psoriasis is from moderate to severe and topical treatments are showing no progress, then systemic or biological medications are other treatments.
By targeting selective cells, biological drugs (topical steroids that target specific molecules within immune system cells) correct the overactive immune response that causes the increase in cell production.
However, consumption of these drugs can reduce the body’s immune response, thereby leaving a person more susceptible to infections.
Light therapy may help treat scalp psoriasis. It involves exposing the scalp to ultraviolet light regularly, using a special lamp that emits UV light.
The therapy needs to be medically reviewed under a doctor’s supervision to avoid burns or overexposure.
People with Psoriasis should not use tanning beds because they emit significant amounts of UV light. This can be dangerous.
Home Remedies for Scalp Psoriasis Treatment:
Home remedial treatment does not ensure full treatment or eradication of Psoriasis for scalp but allows a little relief from its symptoms like itchiness, inflammation and reduces redness. Home remedies involve the usage of active ingredients, herbal and natural methods of treating Psoriasis.
The following listed ingredients are treatment options that have justified medically reviewed results in relieving the symptoms of Psoriasis for scalp by the National Psoriasis Foundation.
Apple Cider Vinegar:
Applying organic apple cider vinegar promptly to the scalp may help curtail itching and scratchiness. However, it can also result in irritation if used in concentrated amounts.
To avoid this, dilute it in equal fractions with water or wash out the scalp after the vinegar dries. Please do not use it over open wounds.
Aloe vera is known for its multiple beneficial effects on skincare, health, and in dealing with other infections. Treatment with gel or creams containing 0.5 percent aloe vera may help decrease redness and fine scaling of the scalp.
Adding oatmeal to a bath or applying an oatmeal paste to areas with Psoriasis helps lessen the symptoms like redness and inflammation in some people. However, there is no scientific research evidence to support this.
Tea tree Oil:
This may help relieve symptoms of Psoriasis, although there is no scientific basis to prove it. At first, it should be given a try in a limited amount because some people have an allergic reaction or response to tea tree oil.
We have a history of consuming turmeric (curcumin) as a spice in food, supplement, or topical gel or cream. It may help reduce symptoms of psoriatic activity on the scalp.
This may help reduce itching or scratchiness by medicating the nerve endings, but it may also cause a burning sensation or feeling. More research is needed at present to ensure its safety and effectiveness.
Dead Sea Salts:
Adding these to a warm bath can help alleviate the symptoms of itching, scratchiness, and scaling. Still, the person should remember to apply a moisturizer later to extract the skin’s hydration content.
Topical creams comprising a 10-percent concentration of Oregon grape, or mahonia aquifolium, may assist in treating mild to moderate Psoriasis. It can help remove scales.
Baking soda is one of the immediate and susceptible treatments for an itchy scalp. Take a small glass of water and mix in one tablespoon of baking soda.
Then use a cotton pad or washcloth to apply the mix onto the area of your scalp that’s affected. You can even spill the solution onto your head to reduce itching and rash under your hair.
Coconut or Avocado Oil:
Coconuts and avocados are filled with beneficial fats that improve skin health. Massage a few drops of either type of oil, cool or lightly heated, onto your scalp.
After applying the oil, wait for about 15-20 minutes and then wash your hair. This can decrease and eliminate some of the scaling correlated with the ailment.
Garlic has strong anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidants that improve skin conditions while preventing skin infections. While it’s odorous, it does appear to lessen scalp psoriasis symptoms.
Tips for Managing Scalp Psoriasis:
- Medical aid: Getting medical advice from a health professional can help get the condition under control.
- Treat the scalp with tenderness: Too much washing, combing, general pulling of the hair, etc. that could end up in breakage of the hair should be avoided.
- No scratching: Scratching hard enough to cause bleeding can end up causing an infection.
- Moisturize the scalp regularly: Although keeping your scalp moisturized won’t treat Psoriasis, what it will do is assist in the enhancement of manifestation of the skin.
- Avert triggers: Trying to put your finger on what triggers scalp Psoriasis for you can assist you in finding ways to curb them.
It is significant to seek other treatments from healthcare professionals, as this can lessen the risk of further complications, such as hair loss or cracked and oozing bleeding skin on the scalp.
You can get topical treatment too. It includes steroids and medicated shampoos mostly. I hope you now have enough information on all the effective treatments for Psoriasis for scalp.