To achieve a healthy lifestyle, many people have reduced their intake of added sugars in their food and started taking a low-carb diet. This has changed the mindset of the people towards the significant popularity of sugar substitutes, such as sugar alcohols.
Certain sugar alcohols are included in the food by baking mixes, cereals, and ice cream. They give a sweet flavour to the food, without any adverse side effects associated with regular sugar.
But are sugar alcohols bad for you? Do you know what sugar alcohol is and if it is suitable for your blood sugar levels or not?
What’s Worse, Sugar Or Sugar Alcohol?
Many sugar alcohols come from fruits and vegetables, and most of them are artificial. Whereas regular sugar is purely natural, coming from fruits, plants, vegetables, and milk.
Unlike sugar alcohols, natural sugar gets easily digested and gives energy to the body.
They occur naturally and are sweet as sugar. Moreover, using this type of sugar is helpful because it has a low caloric value and lower glycemic index as compared to table sugar. Table sugar is also known as Sucrose.
1. Fewer Calories
Sugar alcohol has just two calories per gram, unlike sugar which has four calories per gram. They are sweet as sugar and have half the calories per gram as regular sugar. You can intake sugar-free foods made with sugar alcohol with almost no calories.
2. Blood Management
Unlike regular sugar, sugar alcohols generally don’t cause critical spikes in blood sugar levels. However, they are sweet as sugar, but consuming sugar alcohol will not impact your insulin levels.
What Are Sugar Alcohols?
Sugar alcohols are neither sugar nor alcohol. Sugar alcohols are a type of carbohydrate. They have a similar chemical structure as regular sugar chemical structures.
Most food manufactures use sugar alcohols to reduce the calorie content in food. Unlike sugar, sugar alcohols have about half the calories of regular sugar. But they are sweet as sugar. They excite the tongue’s sweet taste buds.
Moreover, they add extra flavour to it without any extra sugar or calories. It excites the sweet taste receptors. However, the food companies now are trying to use low-calorie sweeteners to make their foods low-carb, sugar-free or diabetic friendly.
Some sugar alcohols are produced industrially, and out of them, three sugar alcohols are widely used.
They are often used in gums and are almost sweet as sugar. It is extracted from wheat straw and some cereals, and Xylitol is usually made from birch wood. However, most Xylitol comes from corncobs and leftover sugar cane stalks.
They are about 50% to 70% sweet as sugar and are extracted from corn syrup.
Other sugars are isomalt which comes from beet sugar, corn syrup. Sorbitol comes from cornstarch and some other fruits. The sweetness of sugar Isomalt and Sorbitol is about 30% to 45%.
Sorbitol and Mannitol are known as fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols. Together it is known as FODMAPs. They are short-chain carbohydrates, especially sugar. The small intestine poorly absorbs them. After eating FODMAPs, some people experience digestive distress. The common symptoms are cramps and diarrhea.
Are Sugar Alcohols Bad For You?
Some say sugar alcohols can be a safe addition to your diet, and studies showed that 10-15 grams of sugar a day are in the safe zone. However, there are three health effects of the consumption of sugar alcohol.
The human body cannot fully digest sugar alcohol and hence can have digestive problems. You may experience GI symptoms after you eat sugar alcohol.
An experiment in 2006 showed that people who took some doses of sugar alcohol reported bloating, gas, upset stomach, and diarrhea.
However, Erythritol, one type of sugar alcohol, only increases milder effects on the stomach and increases nausea and gas when given in large doses.
2. Increases Weight
Consuming sugar alcohol may gain you a lot of weight, and it isn’t outstanding in weight management. Most sugar alcohols almost have no calories and carbs.
3. Laxative Effect
Sugar alcohols always tend to have a laxative effect. It is more common in children and people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome(IBS).
However, instead of absorbing the sugar alcohols in the stomach, it is possible to linger between the intestines and ferment. In cases like this, the doctors also provide some types of laxatives.
Health Risks Of Sugar Alcohols
If you consume a large amount of sugar alcohol, it can result in gas, diarrhea, or other digestive issues. Sugar alcohol does not get fully absorbed by the body.
Most people suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) often form a short chain type that can provoke several symptoms.
Health Benefits Of Sugar Alcohols
Many people suffer from several health issues due to added sugar to their food. Health conditions include obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. So many people are trying to reduce the amount of added sugar to their foods.
Even common sugar alcohols provide fewer calories than regular sugar. They may be beneficial for people who are trying to lose weight. One more health benefit of consuming sugar alcohol is, it helps better blood pressure control.
Moreover, consuming sugar alcohol will help you from tooth decay. The bacteria inside your mouth do not feed on sugar alcohols. So you will be relieved from tooth decay.
Maltitol often promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria. The growing bacteria can be Bifidobacteria. It is present in the gut. Usually, this type of sugar alcohol improves gut health.
A variety of products that contains sugar alcohols can be baked goods, chewing gums, chocolates, drinks, and many more products.
Most people use chewing gum. Sugar-free gum can be beneficial for their health to some sort. Sugar alcohol gives a minty or cool taste to the mouth.
Sugar Alcohols Versus The Artificial Sweeteners
Both the sugar alcohols and the artificial sweeteners are manufactured in aspartame and saccharin. But they are not the same thing. Artificial sweeteners are chemicals that provide an intense level of sweetness and no calories.
Artificial sweeteners are sugar substitutes used for baking and cooking and sugar alcohols that are non-nutritive sweeteners.
One more difference between sugar alcohols and artificial sweeteners is sugar alcohols causes diabetes issue.
Artificial sweeteners have zero carbohydrates, so they do not cause blood sugar to elevate. However, both can be useful to manage diabetes when appropriately used.
How To Identify Sugar Alcohols
The most common sugar alcohols are sorbitol, Xylitol, lactitol, isomalt, maltitol, and hydrogenated starch hydrolysates (HSH). However, these sugar alcohols are not commonly used in home food production, but they are found in many products.
Especially foods labelled as “sugar-free,” which includes cookies chewing gums, often are made of sugar alcohols. Most toothpaste and mouthwash also contain sugar alcohols.
Furthermore, it is also important to check the food labels for the carbs. Check the food labels for the net carbs in the food products. You also need to count the number of sugar alcohol used for foods sweetened.
If the food manufacturers labelled sugar-free, there would be a list of ingredients and nutrition facts used. If one sugar alcohol and total carbs are used, the label will have a specific name. It can be “mannitol” or “hydrogenated starch hydrolysates.”
If you are a blood sugar patient, then you must see the product is labelled sugar-free or not. The hydrogenated starch hydrolysates sugar alcohol is best for blood sugar patients.
Xylitol is good for humans, but it is highly toxic to dogs. By any chance, if a dog eats Xylitol, its body will consume it as regular sugar and will start producing insulin in large amounts.
If the dog’s insulin level raises high, their cells will start pulling out sugar from their bloodstream. This can be fatal. It can often lead to low blood sugar and side effects like liver failure.
However, it will not be so fatal for humans because their blood sugar level will not rise because of Xylitol.
Most sugar alcohols are popular now because of its low calories sweeteners which you can find in many low-calorie foods and drinks.
Generally, they are well tolerated, but you may face bloating and diarrhea on consuming too much sugar alcohol.
Are sugar alcohols good for your health? Is sugar alcohol bad for you? If you do not know the answer, it is better to provide medical advice first, then add sugar alcohol to your food.
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