Jumping to conclusions is an obstacle in communication. Usually, people jump to conclusions without actually reviewing the overall perspectives of a scenario.
Think of a situation where you want to ask for extra time to complete your project from your immediate boss but, you ditch the idea because you preassumed that all bosses are the same. So conclusion jumping is practiced by all but, it provokes flawed decisions and regression.
How could direct jump to conclusions land you in trouble? What are the inferences for such nasty decision-making? Is it a practice or affiliated to the underlying problem?
To know how this conclusion jumping prevails and affects, keep on reading. In this article, we have discussed jumping to conclusions in detail.
What Does Jumping To Conclusions Imply
Jumping to conclusions means that a person is not following the substantive path of decision-making. Decision-making is not a prompt activity.
The conclusion usually appears at the end. One can conclude after good R&D. It usually follows a designed path that begins with a decision to be made, choosing alternatives, action time, and review your decision.
People jump to conclusions without analyzing the shreds of evidence that lead to negative conclusions. Such decisions are less reliable and do more harm than benefit.
What Makes People Jump To Conclusions
Often people indulge in negative conclusions due to the following:
1.Labelling or overgeneralizing things or people of a group
Somewhere unknowingly, we all practice labeling. It means to have the same perspective for all. It is like deductive reasoning, where you generalize things based on a few specific observations. In this, a single negative experience you can carry to the rest of your life.
Consider the following examples to get more insight into it.
- “People only discuss useless things” this is what you think. It makes you take a back seat in communicating with others.
- Your friend betrayed you and, now you feel trusting people will end in the pit of betrayal.
- “Weight lifting” a girl cannot be interested in because this is a boy thing.
Implications it has on communication: It makes you create the wrong image of people around you. You will either avoid conversation or experience a verbal spat.
2.Mind Reading Or Negatively Assume What Others Think
In mind reading person generally believes that one can guess what other is thinking. It often leads to false conclusions.
As in the scarcity of evidence, people support negative beliefs that lead to frustration, anxiety, and conclusion jumping. Following a few actions, expressions or, any non-verbal gesture one, decides what the other is thinking.
Often a person indulges in negative conclusions without even asking others.
Following are some examples of how people indulge in mind reading or negative belief formation.
- You find a bunch of colleagues laughing and suddenly stopped as you approach them. You strongly feel they were making fun of you.
- You wave to your best friend who is with someone else. Your friend didn’t notice. It compels you to think either she is angry or has found a new best friend.
Implications it has on communication: Mind reading or assuming what others are thinking can lead to false or negative thought formation. It can grow into wrong beliefs. It can affect your relations.
3.Fortune Telling Or Predicting Outcomes Even Before The Onset Of The Event.
Fortune telling is negatively perceiving future outcomes. Fortune telling or sketching negative conclusions is deciding result in advance. Afterward, feeling bad for a thing that didn’t happen.
Few examples of fortune-telling predictions to make it more clear
- You abandon your idea of gyming because ultimately you will leave it after two days, that is, what you think and predict.
- The product is not high priced which, means it will be of low quality.
- You will fail badly with your next assignment because you have a negative feeling about it.
- Your team member is late for a meeting you believe he has not completed the presentation. Ultimately you will lose the deal.
Implications it has on communication: Predicting future events can steal your peace. To live under the stress that what negative might happen makes you less interactive in the present life.
What Accelerates Conclusion Jumping.
Jumping to conclusions is categorized as a type of cognitive distortion. Cognitive distortion means a loop of thought that makes people believe or perceive things that are not real.
It works well in negative thinking, where negative thoughts strengthen negative emotions which, constructs negative beliefs.
Persons with delusions exhibit jumping to conclusions tendencies. Research in 2011 reveals that persons with delusions are often involved in jumping to conclusions. Delusions are the inability to make a sound judgment. That is why sufferers rely on insufficient evidence or data to conclude.
Anxiety also pushes to make negative conclusions.
Anxiety lines up paranoid thoughts that provide a suitable base for conclusion jumping. More anxious persons tend to fall into the pit of false conclusions.
If you panic a lot about things around you may entangle in the web of worst outcomes. Panic leads to hasty decisions made in the light of false predictions and assumptions. Often when you are in panic state tendencies, to jump to conclusions increase.
How One Can Dodge Jumping To Conclusions
Jumping to conclusions has another name inference observation confusion. It happens when one decides with limited facts or assumes things to conclude.
When you know your tendencies to conclusions jumping, you can take the help of the ladder of inference. Chris Argyris introduce the ladder of inference as a tool or steps that our mind follows while making any conclusions.
This ladder consists of seven steps arranged that guide you through crucial decision-making.
Let’s see how these seven steps of a ladder can take you to sound decision making.
1.Review Reality and Facts
The first step is to make sure the sound, factual grounds of any decision or conclusions. It is when you deal with the given facts.
- The point to note at this stage is one, should rely on facts. You can connect reality with given facts and then only move to the next step.
2.Bias free Selecting Facts
It is a crucial step as you have to choose from given facts that comply with your current and future requirements. While selecting facts, keep in mind the following:
- At this stage, you can remove data or facts that are of no use. But it has to be done carefully.
- To selection should be sound and bias-free.
- Avoid relying on predictions.
- Choose details that assist your decision process.
3.Interpretation Facts properly
This step demands interpreting the given facts correctly so that more accurate and reliable inferences draw.
- Interpreting data needs sound judgment free from any tendency to jump to conclusions.
- It is preferable to double-check facts before interpretation.
4.Making certain Assumptions
As the future is uncertain, relying upon premises is the only option we have, or is there anything else we can do? Yes, to rely upon assumptions based on given facts. Cognition differs that, is why at this step different, inferences by various people.
- You have to set the premises for further working. Make sure you avoid generalization. For example, preassuming that it is easy to raise funds is a wrong premise.
- Another example, assuming that this project will not work as you think so. It is future telling avoid it.
5.To Draw Conclusions
We conclude based on the availability of evidence and also our emotional deposit guides in decision making.
Many times our assumptions and what we have interpreted from evidence affect our decision-making.
- Conclusions mean a foundation for actions so, make sure your conclusions are practical and reliable.
Once we conclude, a kind of strong belief for a person or situation is made for forever. It will guide our future outlook and decision-making.
7.Its Action Time
After all the above steps, one decides on their best-perceived idea. Remember, each action has its equal and opposite reaction. It will again create beliefs, assumptions and will guide our cognition.
Jumping to a conclusion can harm your relationships.
Jumps can be bad for your relationship, to avoid this you, can always follow some steps to, maintain healthy relationships.
Few instances in life when you jump to conclusions:
- Seeing your partner using the phone, you may infer that the other person doesn’t take care of family and house well.
- Seeing your partner shopping online, you might think your partner will spend her entire bank balance.
- Your partner never made a dish so, that means she can’t cook.
The above examples show how we choose inferences easily.
- If you jump to conclusions, make sure to give ample time to yourself to decide or conclude.
- While evaluating the circumstances or words of your partner, try to see what the situation was.
- Don’t conclude soon. It is better to check, facts again before deciding the outcome. For example, you ask your partner about what is in dinner. Your partner didn’t answer you, might think it is usually boring, dinner.
- You can always trace your graph of conclusion jumping. It can give you a clear picture of when and how you jump to conclusions.
Jumping to conclusions takeaways
Our tendencies to judge and make assumptions often trap us in conclusion jumping. To avoid it one can follow the ladder of inference or the above steps.
To read more such interesting articles click here.
Any information found on the site does not constitute legal or medical advice. Should you face health issues, please visit your doctor to get yourself diagnosed. Icy Health offers expert opinions and advice for informational purposes only. This is not a substitute for professional medical advice.