PCOS, polycystic ovary syndrome is of four types, and knowing the types of PCOS can help you determine the best way forward. Before knowing about the types of PCOS, first, let’s find out more about what Polycystic ovary syndrome is.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a type of chronic disease caused by hormonal imbalance in the body. As it is a chronic disease, it cannot be cured completely but several measures can be taken by the sufferer to reduce the effects of PCOS as well as other health-related risks.
Polycystic ovary syndrome occurs when the level of androgen, a male hormone sex hormone that should be present among women in small amounts, gets high. According to the name of the condition which is polycystic ovary syndrome everyone believes that having cysts in the ovaries is what the condition is all about. That is entirely wrong, some women suffering from Polycystic ovary syndrome do not develop cysts in their ovaries rather the androgen level is high, while some do develop cysts in their ovaries.
Even if you have polycystic ovaries but no high androgens hormone, you do not have Polycystic ovary syndrome. The cause of Polycystic ovary syndrome is a high level of androgen in the body.
It is also possible that even if you experience irregular periods that are generally connected to polycystic ovary syndrome but do not have high levels of androgen, you do not suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome.
Symptoms Of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
The symptoms of PCOS mentioned below are of a wide range and it is not necessary that if you are suffering from some means you will be diagnosed with PCOS. The symptoms of PCOS include:
- Irregular Period- Suppression of ovulation causes irregular periods. For some, it can stop entirely for one-two months or more while for others the period can be very light or very heavy.
- Excessive body hair- Body hair is normal for everyone but women having PCOS are seen to have excessive hair on the body parts- arms, legs, back, and even stomach.
- Facial hair- As the level of hormones is imbalanced in PCOS, the male hormone, testosterone which should be present in a fewer amount increases in PCOS causing male features to occur in women such as facial hair.
- Acne- Most of the women suffering from PCOS have acne but some do not.
- Hair-fall or baldness- This also is a common symptom for women suffering from PCOS, stress and imbalanced hormones are the contributing factor.
- Oily skin- Oily skin is caused by an imbalance of hormones and leads to acne.
- Weight Gain- Women suffering from PCOS are seen to be obese or overweight.
The best and right way to know if you are suffering from Polycystic ovary syndrome is to get tested. There are various ways by which your doctor can identify your condition from the types of PCOS: Blood tests and ultrasounds. Having ultrasound done alone is not enough as they will only tell about the cysts in the ovaries, blood tests are necessary to judge if someone is suffering from Polycystic ovary syndrome or not, as they tell about the androgen and all other hormone levels.
In many cases, it is possible that the patients do not know what they are going through and do not get checked even if they suffer from some of the above-mentioned symptoms. But it is really necessary to get tested for various types of PCOS so that it does not lead to other harmful diseases in the future.
Untreated Polycystic ovary syndrome can become an underlying cause of many diseases like type 2 diabetes, infertility, sleep disorder, depression, heart diseases, uterine cancer, and liver diseases.
Types of PCOS
If you do have Polycystic ovary syndrome, it is beneficial to know about what type of PCOS you are suffering from. Below are the types of PCOS that one can have:
Insulin Resistant PCOS
The most common PCOS among the types of PCOS is Insulin resistant PCOS. High levels of insulin in the body prevent ovulation and instead makes the ovaries release high levels of testosterone. Luteinizing hormone level is also increased which results in high levels of androgen in the body.
How to treat Insulin resistant PCOS.
- This will come as no surprise, quit sugar if you have insulin resistant PCOS. Try taking diets with minimal carbs so that the blood sugar level in your body is kept at a lower level.
- Doing physical activities daily might also help, as exercising helps in burning sugar. Even if you are not exercising keep yourself active by moving around.
- All the types of PCOS have a common underlying cause which is stress, make sure to reduce stress from your life. Stress can lead to increased sugar levels in the blood.
- Patients suffering from insulin resistant PCOS are generally given supplements that ensure a balanced insulin level of the body.
Post Pill PCOS
Post pill PCOS is only developed when someone has been on birth control pills and experiences the various symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome such as acne, hair fall, facial hair growth after the effects of the pill have been finished.
If the symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome were present before the pills were taken, then you are suffering from a different type of PCOS. Sometimes after coming off birth control pills can cause various side effects which should not be identified as PCOS. You should get tested only when the symptoms are still present after a long time you have come off the pill.
The birth control pills suppress ovulation which increases the level of androgen in the body, the direct cause of Polycystic ovary syndrome.
The birth control pills can also worsen the conditions of patients having insulin resistant PCOS.
How to treat Post Pill PCOS.
- Do not rush to conclude that you have Post pill PCOS, consult with your doctor as they will help you in identifying the symptoms.
- Get proper sleep and manage stress.
- The supplements provided by the doctors can help you with symptom reduction.
Inflammation is the main factor causing all types of PCOS. Inflammatory PCOS is caused when inflammation is the driving cause of Polycystic ovary syndrome.
The inflammation suppresses ovulation which in turn imbalances the hormonal level and lack of ovulation lead to a high level of androgen is produced in the body.
Inflammatory PCOS has the following symptoms:
- Problems related to bowel movement.
- Skin allergies.
- Skin problems (like acne)
- Joint pain.
- Deficiency of Vitamin D (A blood test can confirm the lack of Vitamin D in the body.)
- Brain fog.
How to treat Inflammatory PCOS.
- Avoid eating foods that can cause inflammation such as dairy products, refined carbohydrates, and sugar.
- Increase your gut strength by taking various supplements rich in minerals.
- Avoid coming in contact with different environmental toxins around such as cosmetic products and cleaning products used in households.
- Manage your stress effectively as it can worsen your Inflammatory PCOS.
When the insulin resistant, inflammatory, and post-pill PCOS are taken out of the option, it is highly possible that the patient is suffering from adrenal PCOS. The symptoms of adrenal PCOS are quite similar to the above-mentioned three types of PCOS.
Instead of outside factors leading to PCOS, in adrenal PCOS the underlying cause is the management of stress by the body. Improper management of stress causes the high release of androgen hormone particularly the DHEAS hormone released by the adrenal glands.
It is fairly easy to identify adrenal PCOS as the blood test will show only the increased level of DHEAS in the body.
How to treat Adrenal PCOS
- Stress management by various methods like meditation, exercising, or yoga can be done.
- Getting proper is also needed when suffering from adrenal PCOS.
- Avoid situations that can cause emotional distress.
- Supplement advised by the doctors can also help in managing stress and creating proper sleep patterns.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disease that can never be cured fully, the only possible way for a smoother life without Polycystic ovary syndrome is to reduce the symptoms caused by the types of PCOS. It also very possible that even if you are able to reduce the severity of PCOS one time, it can come back if you do not pay attention to the needs of your body.
Taking supplements is a ready option available to conquer all types of PCOS but if you are against using them it is also not a problem as Polycystic ovary syndrome is all about your body reactions and it can be controlled if you want to. Small lifestyle changes can create a big difference, pay attention to your body and there will be no problem.
Another factor that should be highlighted is how well you manage stress. It is very easy to just say not to take stress but managing stress is relatively way more difficult. But it is not entirely impossible, do what makes you happy and see how your body will react positively to it.
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Any information found on the site does not constitute legal or medical advice. Should you face health issues, please visit your doctor to get yourself diagnosed. Icy Health offers expert opinions and advice for informational purposes only. This is not a substitute for professional medical advice.