Everyone is doing their work, balancing their life, making important decisions in life, and easily coordinating with the outer environment; this is all going smoothly due to the proper functioning of the brain. If any kind of impairment occurs in any part of the brain, it will result in disturbed life.
The brain is the main controlling site for all body functions. If there any malfunction happens in brain development, it ultimately affects other body parts function. That’s why the development of the brain is very essential. And it happens up to a certain point of time in life.
Do you have any idea “when does the brain stop developing?” If not, then this post will help you to know. Here, everything regarding the development of the brain is going to be covered.
So go through this complete guide,” When Does The Brain Stop Developing,” and learn this interesting information about the Brain.
1. Human Brain Development
All the activities from talking to moving everything are in control of your brain. The human brain has different parts that regulate these activities. Different brain regions are associated with different functioning. In a simple way, the brain is the “controlling center” of the body.
So, it is clear that your abilities and performance are affected by your brain. If the development of the brain goes in the right direction, then everything will be perfect. And anyhow it goes wrong, not good results are obtained.
Development of the brain is not only important for the nervous system but also for cognitive functions. Cognitive development is associated with intellectual abilities, including thinking, reasoning, decision-making, learning, and problem-solving. These abilities ultimately focus on the overall development of the person.
1.1 Role of Brain Parts In Development
The average weight of an adult brain is around 3 pounds. It contains neurons and blood vessels. It majorly divides into three regions- The front brain, the Middle brain, and the Little brain.
It is the protective covering that act as a shock absorber. It prevents damage to the soft tissues of the brain and spinal cord. Some research shows it is significant in the development of the brain. Cerebrospinal Fluid is found between the space of three layered meninges that plays an effective role in brain development.
The cerebrum or front brain is the main center for movement, coordination, and temperature regulation. This region controls all your emotions, learning, voluntary movements, and thinking. Hence, its development is crucial for your development.
It consists of three things- the middle brain, pons, and medulla. Its main role is to connect the cerebrum to the spinal cord. The development of this part of the brain is essential for functioning vital organs such as breathing, sleep cycle, heart rate, and consciousness.
The cerebellum, also known as the ‘hindbrain or little brain,’ is equally important for brain development. It regulates the coordinating functions of your body. With the development of this part, you can do all the motor activities with proper coordination.
2. When Does The Brain Stop Developing
It will be interesting to know ‘when the brain stop developing.’ At first, it looks weird that the brain stops developing, but it is true, according to neuroscience. But now, you are also going to believe in this.
From your birth to adult age, so many changes occur in the brain. Even the working of the brain is also different. There is so much variation in the working of the teen brain as well as an adult brain.
According to the neuroscience branch, the brain is part of the nervous system, hence its development belongs to neurodevelopment. And this process is slow and doesn’t stop till death. The human brain keeps developing from the time of birth to age 25. At this age, it fully develops and reaches maturity. That is why the way of an adult’s thinking and reasoning abilities are better than a teenager’s.
Although the brain takes 25 years for full development or reaches its mature state, the rate of this brain maturity may vary from person to person. This need to be known why this kind of variation happens in its development. How a person’s age signifies his brain maturity level.
Here, you not only understand ‘when does the brain stop developing’ but also the changes in its development. So scroll down more to learn more on this topic when does the brain stop developing.
3. Brain Development With Age
Every person’s ability depends on the way their brain develops. Usually, the brain starts developing during the embryonic stage from the neural tube. And from the prenatal stage to birth, the brain contains an abundant number of nerve cells. At a later stage, these millions of nerve cells form different brain regions.
All the changes in the brain happen with age. Let’s see how brain development correlated with age for a better understanding of ‘when does the brain stop developing.
3.1 Childhood Brain
The childhood period is considered a ‘critical period’ for brain development. At the age of 2-7, children’s brain develops at a high level. The connection between brain cells is more that promotes fast learning than the other age.
Due to this reason, the experiences learned by a child during this phase leave lasting effects on their memory. Children aged 2-7 years experience real learning, emotional intelligence, and holistic development.
The childhood brain focuses on a growth mindset. Therefore, it is an important phase for developing talent and abilities.
3.2 Teen Brain
Although the childhood period is the crucial phase in the child’s brain development, still before going into the adult phase, some development needed to happen in the teen brain. Teen brains start developing around the age of 11-16 yr.
The size of the teen brain is the actual size of an adult brain, which means all the growth of the brain is done in teenage. There might be variations in age as per gender to achieve the biggest brain size, in boys, the brain gets the biggest size at age of 11 while this thing happens in girls at 14 years of age.
Teen brain plasticity makes enables them to learn, mature, and adapt according to the environment. The development of teens’ brains is necessary to prepare them for social, emotional, and physical challenges that they are going to face in adolescence and adult age.
3.3 Adolescent Brain
In the adolescent age, the brain doesn’t grow much in size. The adolescent brain is marked by the increase of folds in the cortex region, which is responsible for information processing. Most of the changes occur in the frontal lobe of the brain during puberty.
In the adolescent brain, myelination and synapses process get increased in the prefrontal cortex as a result effective neural connections get established between the prefrontal cortex and other regions.
During this phase, the release of neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin is also high, which helps in dealing with stress, emotions, and decision-making. There are some chemical changes still going on in the frontal cortex region, That’s why an adolescent brain keeps learning to balance extreme situations.
3.4 Adult Brain
An adult age is the demarcation of a fully developed brain. Adulthood brings lots of changes and transformations. At this stage, the brain becomes fully mature and develops a sense of understanding.
During adulthood, different regions of the brain start strengthening new connections with each other, and this result in an increase in the volume of the white matter. At the same time, the gray matter volume that neurons and synapses are getting reduced.
The adult brain works very efficiently in taking decisions, planning, higher-order cognitive ability, and problem-solving. Therefore, adults have a high level of intelligence which helps in their maturation.
3.4.1 Role of Prefrontal Cortex In Adults
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) or also known as the ‘frontal association cortex’ is the part of the frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex. This part of the brain has a significant role in brain maturation. This region begins its development from the childhood stage and ends in the adult stage.
It processes all cognitive abilities and functions. In adults, it is much more developed that’s why adults have more thinking and reasoning ability than children. Overall this region makes an adult able to think practically and rationally.
4. When Does The Brain Stop Developing Or Fully Developed
Age is not only the factor that contributes a remarkable role in the development of the brain, but some other things are also important in this. Neuroscience research shows that the neural connections between new neurons are responsible for brain plasticity. These connections are high during the childhood period, but with, the age they are going to decrease.
With aging, the brain starts shrinking. As a result, so many physical and cognitive changes take place inside your brain. Psychological science says that the brain fully develops at the age of 25. In adolescence, the brain attains maturity.
After the 30s or 40s, brain volume starts decreasing mainly in the region of the frontal lobe. They control cognitive abilities. Due to this decline, mental health is also get affected. That’s why the majority of mental illnesses occur with the age, the most common is dementia.
Different parts of the brain don’t grow and mature at the same time, even lots of change in the volume of white matter and gray matter takes place with aging. All these things are also affecting the brain’s development.
Hope now you get a clear understanding of when does the brain stop developing. This article on ‘when does the brain stop developing’ covered everything regarding the brain and its development.