Share This Article
Specifically, shortness of breath is referred to as Chronic Dyspnea, which is a sense of discomfort felt when inhaling, exhaling, or breathing.
Shortness Of Breath After Walking
Physical activity such as walking, jogging, and more, can sometimes induce difficulty breathing. Shortness of breath after walking can result from a more serious underlying medical condition or something that demands a minor fixing.
How To Spot Breathing Difficulty?
There are a few symptoms that help one spot difficult breathing. It is essential to understand these simple symptoms to take further steps and gather medical attention.
A person who faces trouble breathing or shortness of breath after walking will often complain about feeling a sense of discomfort when breathing. Breathing has often seemed to be an effortless activity. However, when someone faces difficulty breathing, they may complain about putting in extra effort or feel entirely out of breath.
It is important to note that different people face this issue differently with varying intensity.
Physical activity plays a significant role in worsening these symptoms of shortness of breath after walking.
Reasons For Shortness Of Breath After Walking
As mentioned, shortness of breath after walking or breathing difficulty may have underlying causes; hence it is first essential to understand these to get an accurate diagnosis.
One of the most common causes for the discussed issue has been Asthma.
Symptoms Of Asthma
- Shortness of breath
- Wheezing ( making a high-pitched noise when breathing)
- Mild chest pain
The severity of asthma ranges from person to person. While some asthma patients may only face the symptoms as a response to triggers, some have more ongoing severe symptoms.
Those with mild symptoms may avoid the discomfort by avoiding trigger elements such as pollen, dust, and more. However, people with severe symptoms will most often need specialized asthma medications.
2. Anxiety Induced Difficulty
Anxiety has also been one of the most common causes of improper breathing. This mental condition comes along with many more symptoms.
Symptoms of Anxiety
- high blood pressure
- rapid heartbeat
- excessive sweating
- unexplained sense of panic, terror, or anger
- difficulty thinking clearly through
Anxiety is a severe condition that must be brought to medical attention to ease symptoms. Various treatments and techniques help with the symptoms – ranging from therapies, medications, and peaceful activities.
3. Irregular Heartbeats
Irregular beating of the heart is known as heart arrhythmia. The symptoms vary from person to person – while some may be able to face these symptoms acting as hurdles in their daily life, others may not experience these to such an extent.
Symptoms Of Heart Arrhythmia
- Shortness of breath
- Irregular heartbeat
- Rapid heartbeat
- Low blood pressure
- In more severe cases, the patient may even lose consciousness and faint
Heart conditions of any type must be treated as a medical emergency. Heart failure can deem fatal in almost every severe case related to the heart; hence quicker action must be taken.
The treatment depends upon the severity, but usually, milder cases tend to be controlled with the help of medications. However, in some cases, the patient may need a cardioverter-defibrillator which can be implanted or a cardiac pacemaker.
In many severe cases, the tissues which are impure and diseased will need to be removed with the help of a procedure called catheter ablation.
4. Lung Disease
The most common lung infection has been Pneumonia. The causes of this lungs infection range from viruses, fungi, or bacteria. It may worsen when present in worse air quality, similar to Asthma.
Symptoms Of Pneumonia
- Fever, sometimes accompanied by chills
- Difficulty breathing
- Rapid heartbeat
- Crackling in the lungs
Pneumonia can be treated with the help of appropriately prescribed antibiotics along with the medicines required to treat fever.
In severe cases, a healthcare professional will advise the patient to be admitted and be given essential fluids through an IV along with oxygen therapy.
5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
COPD is another set of diseases of the lungs which comes with a common symptom of difficulty in breathing.
The most common cause of this condition is cigarette smoking for a longer time and exposure to bad quality of air.
Symptoms Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
- Breathing difficulty
- Weakened muscles
- Barrel chest – a condition in which a part of the patient’s chest seems inflated at all times
Milder cases of COPD can be treated successfully with the help of antibiotics and other appropriate medications. However, severe cases will need immediate medical attention with hospitalization, Bronchodilator (a procedure that helps relax lung muscles and makes breathing more straightforward), and oxygen therapy.
Even more severe cases will need an immediate lung transplant.
6. Pulmonary Embolism
Pulmonary embolism is when blood flow is disrupted in the pulmonary artery. It is basically blockage in the pulmonary artery in the lungs caused by a blood clot.
It has been noticed that people who take certain kinds of birth control have been more prone to this disease.
Symptoms of Pulmonary Embolism
- Low blood pressure
- Fainting or weakness
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Spitting blood
Various other medical conditions may also play a significant role in causing one to breathe with difficulty. These are :
- Heart disease and heart failure
- Certain allergies
- Sarcoidosis, also known as Besnier Boeck Schaumann Disease
Ways Of Diagnosis
If a person has been facing shortness of breath after walking or in general, many risk factors come attached. That is why it is imperative to seek medical assistance as soon as possible.
Tests that help determine the root causes of breathing difficulties :
- Computerized Tomography (CT) scan of the chest
- X-ray of the chest
- Exercise testing in cases of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
- Spirometry – a simple test that requires you to breathe into a mouthpiece, which then determines the functionality of the lungs.
- Blood tests
Breathing Techniques Can Help
A common misconception in breathlessness or shortness of breath after walking has been deep breathing or breathing faster. However, this can deem much worse in this condition as it makes the person’s muscles need to work much harder to breathe.
The following are a few breathing techniques that may help ease shortness of breath :
1. Blowing A Candle
Gently breathe in and exhale through pursed lips – in the same method as one would do when blowing candles.
2. Breathing Within Interval
For example, inhale when you are sitting and decide to get up. Exhale out after you have finished the act of getting up and are upright.
3. Paced Breathing
Generally, it has been noted that an average human breathes about 12-14 times in one minute. Paced breathing requires you to lower this down and take 5-6 breaths per minute only. This exercise helps relax your body and mind.
Symptoms Acting As Warning Sign
While shortness of breath after walking or breathlessness, in general, may be easily noticeable, specific symptoms signal more severe issues.
Some of these symptoms are :
- Gasping for more oxygen
- Mild to moderate chest pain
- Confusion or difficulty thinking
- Excessive sweating
- Skin turning pale or bluish
- Dizziness or fainting
- Coughing out blood
Sudden onset of breathing difficulty is a cause of great concern and is supposed to be treated as a medical emergency.
In cases when the person knows the root cause of their breathing difficulty and has ruled out the possibility of a medical emergency, the following home remedies can help ease symptoms :
1. Get In A Comfortable Position
This method acts best when shortness of breath is caused due to anxiety or stress.
It is essential that the person gets in a comfortable, well-supported position. Some of these positions are :
- sit on a chair that has a well supported back
- stand straight with hands rested on a table
- lie down on a comfortable surface and have pillows under your head and knees
- stand upright and support your back with the help of the wall.
2. Inhale Steam
Sometimes breathing can deem difficult due to nasal blockages caused by a common cold. Steam inhalation at home is comparatively an easy procedure. Follow the given steps :
- Almost boil some water in a vessel
- Add some drops of eucalyptus oil or any pain relief gel
- Cover your head and face with a piece of cloth or towel
- Position your face right above the vessel carefully
- Take thorough and deep breaths in
Be careful not to burn your face with the steam.
3. Consuming Ginger
Peer-reviewed studies suggest that consuming fresh ginger help clear out any nasal blockages and defend the body from respiratory syncytial viruses.
You can either consume little bits of ginger or mix them well in hot water and drink it.
4. Black Coffee
Caffeine has been known to help relax muscle tightness. Hence, black coffee may help ease muscles present in the airway.
People with asthma have often been advised to consume black coffee as it improves the functionality of the airway to some extent.
However, while the consumption of black coffee is encouraged, over-consumption is strictly discouraged as this will bring in many more health difficulties.
Get It Checked
Breathing is an important activity that our body is required to do, and it is considered normal when done effortlessly. In case a person experiences difficulty breathing or shortness of breath after walking, they must get it checked out in order to find the root cause and get started with the appropriate treatment.