Bullying is the intentional infliction of hurt, tease, abuse, or domination upon others based on power. In any kind of bullying, there is the direct involvement of power, intention, and repetitive behavior.
The impact of bullying is long-lasting, for the bully as well as the victim. Therefore it is necessary to understand the different types of bullying and its effects.
Bullying can be seen in many forms. The different types of bullying have their features. But the final result is often the same. Such an act leaves deep emotional scars on the bullied person.
Different Types of Bullying
1. Physical Bullying
Physical bullying is one of the most obvious forms of bullying that is seen even in middle school. It occurs when a bully tries to take control using physical actions. At times, such an act destructs the possessions of the victim or might hurt their body.
Hitting, pushing, spitting, slapping, kicking, punching, shoving, hair pulling and property damage are some of the modes used by physical bullies.
Children who are afraid of the hurt are often absent in class. Bullied children try to lead a low-key life. They don’t want attention and are scared about the physical attacks.
This directly affects the child’s development and resists growth. Adults who were victims of physical bullying even show suicidal instincts.
Physical bullying also has a lasting impression on the children who witness it. This kind of bullying happens often in middle school. When certain children do not fit in like their classmates, there is automatically a chance for greater attention.
Boys are usually involved in physical bullying than girls. The victims of such bullying are mostly weaker than the bully or marginalized in some way.
Physical bullies are usually aggressive and violent. To find whether your child is a victim of bullying in school, understand the signs. This involves unexplained scabs and bruises, losing things from school, depression or sadness, damaged possessions, and expressing violent behavior.
To support a victim, initially make them understand that it is not their mistake. Be kind and empathetic. Approach the authority figures to prevent future harm and try to establish an anti-bullying cell. Seek counseling to deal with the after-effects of bullying.
Ensure that the bullies are given ample information regarding the impacts of their deeds. Parents should have open-minded conversations to understand the problems in school.
With proper supervision, it is possible to provide students a safer environment, free from the different types of bullying.
2. Verbal Bullying
Sometimes, words cut deeper than knives. You never know the effect of your words. If used improperly, your tongue will become a curse. Similarly, verbal bullying has a long-term grip on the victim, at times even more than physical bullying.
When a person deliberately says mean things or writes it to hurt the other person, verbal bullying happens. Often, it occurs between girls. Boys are also involved in such forms of bullying.
A child is targeted because of their height, weight, ethnicity, or appearance. Teasing, harsh commenting, threatening, taunting, and name-calling are popular ways of verbal bullying.
The ultimate aim of this type of bullying is to degrade the victim. This promotes the bully and thus, they dominate.
Verbal bullying has a lot of consequences. The negative impact makes children sad and depressed. It leads to substance abuse or even suicide. Children who are constantly taunted by verbal bullies have issues with self-esteem.
Since there are no external scars, this form of bullying is hard to detect. Also, it usually happens when there is no adult supervision. Generally, people disregard children when they admit that they were verbally bullied.
You can always rely on yourself to deal with a bully if you know how to do it. The most basic thing is to ignore them. Never give a counter-reaction. This will encourage them to do it again as it shows that you are hurt.
Consult your authority to stop the bullying behavior shown by other students. No matter what, always keep up your standards.
Don’t lower it to deal with a bully. It is important to not listen to what a bully speaks. Focus on positive things. Surround yourself with good friends. Do something to entertain yourself like sports or arts.
3 . Social Bullying
Human beings are social animals. They have various relationships. When a bully intends to damage relationships, it always leaves a scar on the victim. It is also one of the most obvious forms of bullying.
This type of bullying occurs when someone embarrasses another publicly by physical harm or by name-calling, ignoring someone or spreading rumors to promote the same, posting photos of the victim to damage their reputation, and when the victim is constantly insulted even through social media.
Teenagers tend to do this mode of bullying to ruin the victim’s social reputation and relationships. When they are unable to handle their emotions properly, teenagers choose relational aggression to destruct the social standing of their rivals.
Since every human being is concerned and considerate about their relationships, relational aggression harms their lives. Loneliness, anxiety, stress, and other behavioral problems arise in the victim.
Having a sound friends circle is required to deal with bullies. Also, exposing the real attitude of the relational bully can help to save your face. Remind students that even their role models have gone through such bitter circumstances. Avoid the different types of bullying and focus on yourself.
4 . Sexual Bullying
When a person is bullied based on their sexuality or gender, either physically or non-physically, sexual bullying happens. Bullies use a lot of ways to hurt their victims.
Sexual bullying involves sexualized name-calling, spreading rumors about their sexuality, commenting or staring in an abusive way, inappropriate touching, blackmailing to do something that the other person isn’t interested in, violating privacy by taking pictures, sharing images without permission, sexism, and rape or assaults.
This form of bullying is increasing. Sexual bullying leads to depression and other disorders. It affects the sexual orientation of the victim. The emotional trauma that comes along after being a victim of sexual bullying is unimaginable.
When young people are victims of such bullying, it has various effects on their sexual development. People are scared to talk about sexual bullying as they are scared about the after-effects. The fear of being blamed resists victims from opening up.
It is important to encourage people to make the right choices. Parents should talk to their children and must give them a safe space to share their plights. When your child expresses an issue, believe them and support them.
To support children who were victims of different types of bullying or sexual assault, parents must show love, affection, and a sense of safety to relieve their stress.
Bullying using digital technology is cyberbullying. It can occur in social media platforms, gaming platforms, or messaging platforms. The victims are insulted, teased, and threatened.
Sending hurtful emails, text messages involving abusive language, impersonating someone and sending mean messages, taking personal data without consent, and threatening are forms of cyberbullying.
We live in a digital world, therefore it is hard not to recognize cyberbullying. Unlike face-to-face bullying, cyberbullying offends the victim in front of an unlimited audience. Once something goes online, it stays forever. Hence, the victim is always reminded about the event.
Since social media and instant messaging are unavoidable in everyone’s life, it is necessary to understand the various modes of cyberbullying. Harassing someone using comments, information, or messages, impersonation, sharing inappropriate photographs, and website creation are all methods of cyberbullying.
The virtual world can disrupt a child’s psychology. This results in self-esteem issues. Victims feel hopeless and unsafe. Anxiety and depression are common among the victims.
Parents should help to deal with the emotional pain that their child bears. Cyberbullying, most of the time is anonymous and hard to detect. Letting your child deal with such an activity is not wise.
Block the bully and document the event. Frequent complaints can bring a change. This is a way to stop cyberbullying, which is one of the most harmful modes among the different types of bullying.
Psychology of Bullies
You may be wondering why people bully. Why should someone engage in an activity that can ruin lives and themselves? A better understanding helps us to answer questions regarding the different types of bullying.
When a child acts like a bully, it is usually due to the misconceptions that they received during their upbringing. Parents have a direct association with a child’s behavior.
Bullying behavior starts early. When parents impose harsh behavior upon their children to control them, the child takes it as an example and tries it on his peers.
The child is unaware that he is becoming a bully. This continues. Also, the lack of self-awareness prevents them from understanding the negativity they possess.
People generally don’t speak ill about a bully due to fear. So they never know what people perceive of them.
Self-esteem issues are a common trait among bullies. To get a sense of superiority, they harm others sometimes using hurtful words or using other ways.
Lack of healthy relationships, interactions, and harsh upbringing is generally the reason for a child to show bullying behavior. Disorders in mental state can also create a bully.
The only way to prevent the different types of bullying is to correct the bullies. Give bullies a chance to rectify their mistakes. Treat them with kindness and respect. This will have a positive effect on them.
Parents have to take good care of their children and should set the right example before them. Show them that the world is a good place. Tell them that they don’t have to be tough to get what they want.
Ensure safety and help the victim heal. Bullying prevention practices should be adopted by institutions to avoid the different types of bullying.
Read more articles on mental health.
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