What Is Gynecomastia?
Gynecomastia or man boobs (in slang language) is a very common condition among males where the breast of men swells up to become abnormally large, resulting in a bad appearance.
Both males and females have breast glands in them. In females, they are fully developed and functional, but it is small and underdeveloped in men. Breast gland enlargement tissue is found in men of every age group like newborns, adolescent males, and old males. But 90% of the cases are resolved when people reach adulthood.
Gynecomastia vs fat has become one of the trending topics in the world. Gynecomastia isn’t caused by obesity but is caused by additional breast tissues. And by doing exercise and losing weight, breast tissue in Gynecomastia cannot be reduced.
Pseudo Gynecomastia is another condition in which fat is built upon the breast, causing enlarged breasts. It can be reduced by losing weight. Breast enlargement can cause people to suffer from low self-esteem and low self-confidence issues. Gynecomastia vs fat topic should be made understood to everyone.
Causes Of Gynecomastia
There are a lot of factors responsible for Gynecomastia. Some of them are:
1. Imbalance In Sex Hormones
Gynecomastia can be caused by hormonal imbalances in the sex hormones, i.e., estrogen and testosterone. The estrogen hormone results in the growth of breasts, and the testosterone hormone stops estrogen from making breasts grow. Men and women have both testosterone and estrogen, but men have higher testosterone levels, while women have higher estrogen levels.
As many as one in nine newborns has palpable breast tissue. This is because they get high levels of estrogen from their mothers. When the estrogen levels return to normal, the swelling usually disappears within a few weeks. As men approach middle and old age, swollen breasts become a more common source of confidence.
Compared with younger men, older men produce less testosterone and usually have higher fat content. This can also lead to increased estrogen production, causing Gynecomastia.
There are some medications whose side effects can cause the breast in men to enlarge. Learn them to understand the difference between Gynecomastia vs fat. These medications are:
- Anabolic steroids
- Some anxiety medicines like Diazepam
- Some cardiac drugs, including calcium channel blockers and digoxin.
- Tricyclic anti-depressants
- Some HIV drugs, including efavirenz
Researchers have proposed a possible link between Gynecomastia and some illegal drugs. It is believed that between 10% and 20% of cases are due to medicines or herbal products, and 25% have unknown causes. Products like tea tree oil and lavender oil present in creams and shampoos can also affect.
Symptoms Of Gynecomastia
Gynecomastia in men generally includes swelling and tenderness of breast tissue on one or both breasts. The areola, the pigmented skin area around the nipple, may increase in diameter, and the breast tissue may appear asymmetrical.
If you experience abnormal and persistent nipple swelling, tenderness, pain, or discharge, or a combination of these conditions, be sure to see your doctor.
Diagnosis Of Gynecomastia
The surgeon will ask you about your medical history, medication history, and possibly family history. A physical exam will be done of the breast tissue, as well as the genitals and abdomen. Gynecomastia vs fat can become a very confusing issue without any accurate diagnosis.
Suppose the cause appears to be a hormonal imbalance, such as during puberty. In that case, the doctor will usually inform the patient that the condition may resolve on its own within a year.
If the lump is abnormally large, soft, on one side, fixed and hard, or accompanied by nipple discharge, the doctor may order a biopsy to rule out breast cancer. Proper diagnosis is required to differentiate between Gynecomastia vs fat.
The surgeon will then send you for the further examination process, which will include a blood test, imaging tests which may include:
- mammogram or ultrasound
- chest x-ray
- CT scan or MRI
- testicular ultrasound.
If applicable, a tissue biopsy will be done by taking a cell or tissue sample from the target area microscopic examination.
The breast is composed of a firm and dense glandular breast tissue and soft fatty tissue. The ratio of varies from person to person. Men with Gynecomastia may have two types of tissue at the same time.
Liposuction can remove excess fat tissue around the male chest to treat the disease. It involves inserting a small tube through an incision of 3 to 4 mm.
Resection refers to removing tissue by making small incisions with a scalpel to remove excess breast tissue or glandular tissue. This usually leaves a scar on the edge of the nipple. If a large amount of tissue and skin needs to be reduced, the incision and scar will be larger.
In most cases, resection and liposuction are used at the same time. After the operation, there will be bruising and swelling on the chest. The patients may need to wear elastic compression suits for 2 weeks to help reduce swelling generally takes about 6 weeks to return to normal.
Surgical complications are rare. They include improper reduction of breast tissue, uneven breast contours, and a feeling of weakness in one or both nipples. Resection may pose a risk of blood clot formation. This may require drainage.
The Treatment Plan For Gynecomastia
If you have ever come across the title Gynecomastia vs fat, first make sure that your issue is Gynecomastia and not overweight. Gynecomastia can usually be resolved without any treatment, but it may be treated with breast reduction surgery if there is an underlying disease. If the condition is caused by one medicine, the patient may need to switch to another medication. If the patient uses the drug for a short period, the condition will be temporary.
What Is Obesity?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple body mass index for height, generally used to classify adults as overweight and obese. Obesity is defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can damage health. “It is defined as the weight of a person (kg) divided by the square of the height (m) (kg / m²).”
Gynecomastia Vs Fat
Gynecomastia may also occur due to weight gain, so it is naturally difficult to distinguish between Gynecomastia and breast fat from a layman’s point of view. Fat accumulation in the breast area due to obesity or systemic weight gain is called pseudogynecomastia.
This condition can occur at any age, but it is most common in middle-aged and older men. In contrast, men of all ages may develop Gynecomastia after entering puberty. However, it is most common in late adolescence and adulthood. People often get confused after reading an article on Gynecomastia vs fat and think they are the same.
Causes Of Obesity
Although genetics, behavior, metabolism, and hormones affect weight, it occurs when you consume more calories than exercise and normal daily activities. Your body stores these extra calories in fat, mostly seen on the stomach and chest area. In most countries, people eat too many calories, usually from fast food and high-calorie beverages.
Symptoms Of Obesity
It is mostly diagnosed when your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or higher. “To determine your body mass index, divide your weight (in pounds) by the square of your height (in inches) and multiply by 703. Or divide your weight (kg) by the square of your height (m)”.
For most people, Body mass index provides an estimate of body fat. However, BMI does not directly measure body fat, so some people, such as muscle athletes, even if they do not have excess body fat, BMI may fall into the obesity category.
Risk Factors for Obesity
Being overweight can cause many risk factors. Some of the factors are:
- Unhealthy lifestyle: Some unhealthy lifestyles are skipping breakfasts, smoking, eating junk foods, drinking alcohol and carbonated drinks. These types of lifestyles can cause a person to have many health issues.
- Calories: If you consume a lot of energy, especially fat and sugar, but do not burn this energy through exercise and physical activity, the body will store most of the excess energy in the form of fat.
- Inactivity: Lack of physical exercise is another important factor related to obesity. Many people’s work involves sitting at their desks most of the day. If you are not active enough, you will not use the energy provided by the food you eat, and your body will store the extra energy you consume in the form of fat.
- Family history: Certain traits inherited from parents (such as a large appetite) can make weight loss difficult, but it is certainly not impossible.
- Genetics: Some rare genetic conditions can cause obesity, such as Prader Willi syndrome. Most people have no reason to lose weight.
Disease Caused By Obesity
The diseases caused by obesity are:
- Type 2 diabetes
- Heart disease
- Liver disease
- Cancer risk
Cure For Obesity
Dietary changes to reduce calorie intake and develop healthier eating habits are essential for overcoming obesity. Although you may lose weight quickly at first, sustained long-term weight loss is considered the safest way to lose weight and the best way to maintain weight permanently.
It is very necessary to diagnose the real cause behind breast enlargement in the male body. Not every enlarged breast person is suffering from Gynecomastia; some might be suffering pseudo-Gynecomastia. Judging someone from appearance and making fun of them should be avoided as it can cause serious issues like depression. With better treatment, Gynecomastia vs fat issues can be solved.
Any information found on the site does not constitute legal or medical advice. Should you face health issues, please visit your doctor to get yourself diagnosed. Icy Health offers expert opinions and advice for informational purposes only. This is not a substitute for professional medical advice.