8 Causes Of Left Lower Abdominal Pain: Best Guide For You

Left lower abdominal pain
Photo by Benjamin Wedemeyer on Unsplash /Copyright 2021

Our content is medically reviewed periodically by professionals for accuracy and relevance. We pride ourselves on our high-quality content and strive towards offering expertise while being authoritative. Our reviewers include doctors, nurses, mental health professionals, and even medical students.


Generally, left lower abdominal pain is not something an individual should be concerned about. But if the pain is persistent and severe, it is not considered wise to ignore it. Individuals experiencing pain should immediately seek medical care.

The left lower abdomen is an elaborately connected complex area with the left kidney, last colon, left ovary, bladder, and blood vessels lying side by side. The complicated structure of this area, with no protective wall, makes it vulnerable to injuries and diseases. And thus, it’s not uncommon for people to experience pain here.

Some of the causes for the pain in this area are more fatal than others. And if neglected, it can induce permanent damage to the body of the individual. So, it’s necessary to learn about the possible causes of lower left abdominal pain. And seek medical support immediately, if needed.

General Causes Of Left Lower Abdominal Pain

Some of the general causes as to why you might be experiencing pain in your left lower abdominal area are as follows:

1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome


Irritable bowel syndrome is a persistent intestinal disorder that causes pain in the lower left abdomen. This gastrointestinal disease is also called spastic colon or irritable colon.

The cause of this chronic ailment is not understood well yet. And thus, it can only be diagnosed when the symptoms for other diseases have been ruled out.

Some of the common symptoms of IBS are:

  • Left lower abdominal pain.
  • Bloating or cramping concerning passing a bowel movement.
  • Changes in frequency of bowel movement.
  • Change in the appearance of bowel movements.

2. Diverticulitis

Left abdomen pain
Photo by Sasun Bughdaryan on Unsplash /Copyright 2021

Diverticulitis is one of the most common causes of persistent pain in the lower left abdomen area.

Diverticula are small pouches on the outer lining of your large intestine. They are created from applied pressure on the weak spots on the colon and start causing pain left side of the abdomen when one of the pouches gets infected.

Symptoms for this include:

  • Left lower abdominal pain.
  • Abdominal Tenderness.
  • Nausea.
  • Fever.

Mild diverticulitis can be easily cured with some antibiotics, a change in diet, and medical help. But the more severe conditions might need immediate medical attention and surgery.

3. Indigestion

Indigestion occurs after overeating, overeating fatty, and spicy foods, eating too quickly, or taking medications. All these situations lead to the accumulation of acid, which causes sudden pain in the upper side of the abdomen.

But in some rare cases, this pain can move to the lower side of the abdomen.

Symptoms of this include:

  • Burning sensation
  • Discomfort or pain
  • Nausea
  • Passing gas or belching
  • Bloated feeling
  • Heartburn

It is a mild situation, but urgent care is needed if the condition worsens or continues for a long time.

4. Hernia

A hernia occurs when an internal organ or tissue starts bulging through an abnormal opening. In other words, it occurs when an organ tears through the weak spot of the wall of tissue surrounding it.

It grows as a lump or bulge that causes pain in the hernia site and the lower left abdomen because generally, a hernia occurs in the stomach or intestine.

Some symptoms of this condition include:

  • Dull ache at the site
  • Feeling of fullness
  • A growing bulge at the site
  • Site pain increases with time
  • Left lower abdominal pain

Hernia always needs urgent care, as this growing bulge can cause serious problems.

5. Intolerance to Lactose

Intolerance to lactose in the digestive tract is another general cause of left lower abdominal pain.

It is simply a condition where people find difficulties digesting lactose substances like milk, cheese, yogurt, or other dairy-based products.

It is caused due to the deficiency of the enzyme Lactase which is responsible for the coagulation and breakdown of lactose.

Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Bloating and left lower abdominal pain
  • Increased gas
  • Diarrhea
  • Issues in the urinary tract
  • Constipation

This situation can be controlled easily with a bit of medical help and acquiring a low-lactose diet.

6. Kidney Stones

Left lower abdominal pain can also be a telltale sign of a kidney stone.

These kidney stones are small, hard deposits made up of minerals and insoluble calcium compounds. An individual does not feel any pain at the time of formation of these tiny hard masses, and the pain starts when it starts to move and travel in the urinary tract.

Passing a kidney stone through the ureter can be quite painful.

Some symptoms of this condition are:

  • Severe pain in the lower abdomen
  • Burning sensation in urinating
  • Waves of pain that fluctuate in intensity
  • Fever, nausea, and vomiting
  • Pink, brown, or red urine

In this case, try reaching medical personnel that can provide medical advice immediately.

7. Shingles


Shingles occur by the reactivation of the chickenpox virus sitting in the body. The varicella-zoster virus causes this viral infection.

Acute inflammation of the ganglia nerve looks like a stripe of blisters accumulated in a place. And if these shingles occur in your lower left abdomen, it causes pain and other discomforts.

Symptoms of these include:

  • Itching
  • Left lower abdominal pain
  • Painful rash on the skin
  • Blisters
  • Numbness or burning
  • Touch sensitivity

Consulting a medical professional can help lessen the situation.

8. Internal Obstruction

Blockage in the path of food and liquid through the small intestine is one of the most common reasons for left lower abdominal pain. In this condition, food substances can not freely move through the digestive system and cause discomfort to the individual.

Several reasons can attribute to this situation. Some of them being; Crohn’s disease and diverticulitis.

Some common symptoms are:

  • Indigestion
  • Severe pain in the abdomen
  • Not being able to have a bowel movement
  • Swelling in the abdomen
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting

This medical condition can pose a severe threat to the individual’s health and thus should be consulted to a doctor immediately.

Causes Of Left Lower Abdominal Pain That Only Affects Women

Following are some of the causes of pain in the lower abdomen area that only affects women. Generally, these conditions are more severe and need medical attention immediately.

1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a situation that occurs when tissue like the tissue lining the inner walls of the uterus grows on the outer sides of the uterus. It causes very sharp pain in the lower abdominal area.

Endometriosis involves fallopian tubes, ovaries, and tissue lining the pelvis. And if left untreated, it can lead to infertility in women.

Common symptoms of this situation include:

  • Excruciating periods
  • Spotting blood in between periods
  • Pain while having intercourse
  • Feeling pain in urination and bowel movements
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Left lower abdominal pain

Some other symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, and fatigue during menstrual periods.

2. Period Cramps

Period cramps are the most common reason for left lower abdominal pain in women. These cramps occur during the menstrual period and sometimes even before it.

These cramps are not that serious and go away on their own as the menstrual period ends.

Symptoms of this may include:

  • Dull ache before the days of menstrual period
  • Pain that radiates to thighs and lowers back
  • Cramping in the lower abdomen
  • Mood swings
  • Excess stress and sometimes headache
  • Acne

However, women can lessen the PMS symptoms by doing exercise regularly in addition to a healthy diet.

3. Ovarian cysts

Fluid-filled sacs on the surface of the ovary are called ovarian cysts. These pockets of fluid can develop in either just the left ovary or in both.

Cysts cause painful cramps during the menstrual period and left lower abdominal pain. These cysts are primarily small, do not cause any symptoms, and go away on their own. But a large ovarian cyst can cause a problem.

Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Severe pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Dull ache in the lower abdomen
  • A feeling of heaviness in the stomach
  • Bloating

Some other symptoms related to this condition are fever and vomiting, along with lightheadedness. Seek medical attention immediately in this situation.

4. Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy is the particular condition in which fertilized egg implants and starts growing in the outer part of the central cavity of the uterus, usually in the fallopian tube.

This type of pregnancy is also called a tubal pregnancy, and it can’t proceed normally. Sharp pain starts erupting in the lower area of the abdomen. Other than the fallopian tube, ectopic pregnancy can also occur in the ovary or cervix.

This situation is not suitable for the fetus, and thus it is medically treated to save the mother’s life.

You should immediately see a doctor if:

  • Light vaginal bleeding
  • Pelvic pain
  • Left lower abdominal pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • An urge to have a bowel movement
  • Watery discharge

Ectopic pregnancy is deadly for both the fetus and the mother, so it’s essential to get it treated immediately.

5. Ovarian Torsion

Ovarian torsion is a condition in which the ovaries get twisted around the tissues surrounding them. Sometimes along with the ovaries, fallopian tubes also twist around the ligaments that hold them in place.

This is a severe condition that blocks the flow of blood to the ovary and the fallopian tube. And if the hindrance to blood flow stays put for too long, it can pose severe threats to an individual’s health.

Symptoms of ovarian torsion include:

  • A pelvic or adnexal mass
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Severe pelvic pain
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Tenderness in the lower abdomen
  • Cramping

6. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Infection in the female reproductive organs is the Pelvic Inflammatory Disease(PID). STIs commonly cause this situation.

Some of the common signs and symptoms of PID are:

  • Fluctuating left lower abdominal pain
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
  • Painful or irritable urination
  • Pain in having intercourse
  • Abnormal bleeding from uterine

So, these are some of the causes of left lower abdominal pain. Individuals experiencing pain must seek medical help if they find that their symptoms are closely related to any of the causes mentioned above.  

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Our content is medically reviewed periodically by professionals for accuracy and relevance. We pride ourselves on our high-quality content and strive towards offering expertise while being authoritative. Our reviewers include doctors, nurses, mental health professionals, and even medical students. -----------------------------------

Any information found on the site does not constitute legal or medical advice. Should you face health issues, please visit your doctor to get yourself diagnosed. Icy Health offers expert opinions and advice for informational purposes only. This is not a substitute for professional medical advice.


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