When does Your Stomach get Hard During Pregnancy? Aware of its 3 different Stages

When does your stomach feeling hard during pregnancy?
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When does your stomach get hard during pregnancy? Pregnancy is commonly an exciting time for all women in their life. But it is also a time when they may experience odd new physical symptoms or situations. One such symptom that many women encounter is their stomach get hard during pregnancy. If the pregnant belly feels tight and heavy, then the growing uterus is likely expanding to make room for the growing baby. The stomach will ultimately feel and look as rigid as a ball as the uterus grows and finally pushes up against the abdominal wall.

Pregnant women holding football
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1. Pregnancy

The process by which a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm combine to create an embryo is called Fertilization. Fertilization typically takes place in the fallopian tube that connects an ovary to the uterus. The fertilized egg begins to develop if it successfully travels through the fallopian tube and implants in the uterus.

2. When to Confirm the Pregnancy

  • Day 1 commences on the first day of menstruation.
  • The 14th day or a little earlier or later, depending on the length of the menstrual cycle, if you haven’t used contraception in the past few days and ovulate within 24 hours of intercourse, the egg is fertilized by sperm.
  • Approximately 5 to 6 days later, the fertilized egg enters the wall of the uterus, called “Implantation“.
  • At this point, the pregnancy is confirmed through the pregnancy test, either Urine test or Beta HCG Test.

3. Early Pregnancy Symptoms

  • The most common and obvious symptom is MISSED PERIODS.
  • Frequent visits to the restroom
  • Feeling Tired or Fatigued
  • Sore Breast or Swollen Breast
  • Nausea

4. When does your Stomach get Hard During Pregnancy?

Mild muscle stretches caused by labor contractions are one of the most frequent causes of stomach tightening. In real-life scenarios, there isn’t any normal to compare oneself. Bellies during pregnancy can be of any shape, size, or feel tight. Some women have a big bump or show their pregnancy sooner; others have a small stomach or never have a visibly pregnant belly that resembles a basketball.

Pregnancy Stages
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The reasons for the tightening of the abdomen during pregnancy are numerous and can change depending on the trimester.

5. During the First Trimester

The first week of pregnancy and the following thirteen weeks are considered the first trimester. During this time, the following factors can lead to a hardening of the stomach.

5.1 Stretching Muscles

The uterus expands and stretches quickly during the first trimester to make room for the child in the womb. Even in the early stages of pregnancy, the pregnant belly may appear to be firmer due to the excessive stretching of the uterus and the baby’s development. Abdominal muscle overstretching is the leading cause of hardening. The typically occurs between weeks 7 and 8.

At two months pregnant, don’t anticipate noticing a significant belly bump. As the ligaments and other tissues stretch, this may result in lower abdomen mild cramping or sharp pains, stabbing, or shooting pains along the side of the abdomen.

5.2 Constipation

Likewise, early in a pregnancy, constipation is a common complaint. The gastrointestinal tract may become slower as a result of changing pregnancy hormones. Iron in some prenatal vitamins can also cause stool to become firm and make it challenging to go to the bathroom. The sensation of the stomach tightening can occasionally be brought up by both gas and constipation.

5.2.1 Symptoms of Constipation

Pregnancy causes of the uterus to expand to exert pressure on the intestines, which causes constipation symptoms to appear. Intestinal flow can be slow down by typical hormonal changes associated with pregnancy. Constipation during pregnancy most frequently manifests as

  • Cramps
  • Rigid stomach
  • Pregnant belly Expansion
  • Bloating
  • Prickliness
  • Pain in the abdomen

To avoid constipation and other uncomfortable symptoms, pregnant women must choose a healthier lifestyle. Pregnant women should consult their obstetrician for a diagnosis if the symptoms are severe or if they feel sick. The doctor will determine whether a suppository or laxatives are necessary.

5.3 Miscarriage

A miscarriage, which commonly occurs before week 12, can also show symptoms in the first trimester. The women may not seem the pregnant belly soft. However, the mother would also experience additional symptoms like severe lower back pain and clot-filled vaginal bleeding.

5.3.1 symptoms

The following are the main cause of Miscarriage,

  • Fever and chills.
  • An offensive odor in the vaginal discharge.
  • Brownish-colored bleeding that may start.
  • t66he loss of fluid from the vagina, whether or not it is painful.
  • The loss of blood clots from the vagina.
  • Severe lower abdominal pain similar to severe menstrual cramps.
  • Headache that’s severe or ongoing.
  • Ultrasound imaging confirmed the absence of fetal movements that were either felt or audible.

Though some circumstances can cause a miscarriage, they can happen suddenly and without a known cause. These include fetal malformation, ectopic pregnancy (where a fertilized egg implants outside of your uterus), excessive alcohol or drug use, lower abdomen trauma, specific infections, and a history of poorly managed diseases such as diabetes and hypertension.

6. During the Second Trimester

The 14th week of pregnancy marks the start of the second trimester, which lasts until the 27th week. Between 18 and 24 weeks of pregnancy is when lower abdominal pain usually starts to appear. The muscles that support the uterus are being pulled and strained as a result of the uterus’s growth. Either severe pains or a slight pulling sensation could be felt by the mother. While we often cough, sneeze, stand up, sit down, or roll over while having sex.

The following are the most frequent causes of a baby bump feeling uncomfortable at this time:

6.1 Round Ligament Pain

Round ligament pain is a squeezing, cramping, and stabbing pain that frequently persists into the second trimester along the sides of the uterus. The uterus is joined to the groin by the round ligaments, which can be found on either side of the uterus. Round ligament pain does bring on by the uterus’s round ligament pulling on the pelvic bone attachment during pregnancy. If we already gave birth or carried more than one baby, then the pain will be worse.

The ligaments stretch as the uterus grows during pregnancy, which may be what causes the sharp pain. Changing positions, such as standing up from a sitting position or bending over, frequently brings on this to feel sharp pains. The second trimester is the time when the majority of women begin to notice their uterus contracting and stomach tightness. These are also referred to as practice contractions, false labor or false contractions, and experience Braxton-Hicks contractions.

6.2 Braxton Hicks Contractions

Here we can get the answer for our question, when does your Stomach get Hard During Pregnancy?

After week 20, the mother may experience Braxton Hicks contractions, which is also known as Prodromal Labor Contractions. Braxton Hicks Contractions are completely normal, and these contractions assist in strengthening the muscles and getting the body ready for labor. The entire pregnant belly feels tight when these contractions take place. It is believed to be that they aid in uterine muscle toning and encourage placental blood flow.

When does Your Stomach get Hard During Pregnancy?
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Contractions of the Braxton Hicks type are frequent and regular contractions. Although they can last up to two minutes, they typically last between 30 to 60 seconds. Despite being less painful than a normal contraction, they can still be very painful.

Some factors can cause or exacerbate Braxton-Hicks contractions, including,

  • Vaginal intercourse or orgasms,
  • Dehydration,
  • The fullness of the bladder, and
  • The growing baby kicking sharply.

6.2.1 When to seek Doctor

To ensure that a woman is not experiencing complications or preterm labor, a doctor should examine the following symptoms.

  • The contractions become too stronger and very frequent,
  • Not getting relief of pain or contraction on its own,
  • The Amniotic Fluid leakage,
  • Vaginal Bleeding starts,
  • Release of cervical mucus from the Vagina.

7. During the Third Trimester

The third trimester starts from the 28th week of the pregnancy. The end of the third trimester is unpredictable. When a child is born between weeks 37 to 42 of pregnancy, it is regarded as having been born full-term. If the baby is born before the 37th week is considered as a Preterm born baby or Premature baby.

During this time, the belly may become hard for a number of very important reasons, including continuing Braxton-Hicks Contractions, Round Ligament Pain, and Constipation. Braxton-Hicks Contractions are very similar to labor contractions in general, but as labor progresses, the intensity of the contractions increases and the intervals between them are shortened. The woman’s water may break if she is experiencing contractions.

Since many women mistake Braxton-Hicks contractions for labor, this is also known as “False Labor.” Need to visit the hospital if the mother experiences frequent, irregular contractions or tightening in the abdomen. Regardless of the pattern of the contractions, the general advice is to call if the mother has had more than 4 to 6 in one hour.

7.1 Treatment

Sometimes when the mother experiences mild, erratic stomach tightening. Try the following home remedies,

  • Stay hydrated by downing a large glass of water.
  • Avoid getting up too quickly or suddenly from bed.
  • Try to move the body to different postures on sitting or sleeping. It may help to relax the stomach.
  • To relieve tense muscles during pregnancy, consider getting a massage.
  • Use a heating pad or warm water bottle or take a hot bath or shower.

Contact the doctor or midwife if these DIY remedies don’t help to relieve the stomach tightness or if the mother have other concerns.

8. Misconceptions of Bloating and Stomach Tightening during Pregnancy

Bloating may resemble having a balloon exaggerated inside the stomach. It is regarded by medical professionals as a Functional Bowel Disorder, along with constipation, diarrhea, and Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).

8.1 Causes of Bloating

Bloating is common as soon as you become pregnant because the Hormone Progesterone slows down women’s bowel movements and causes gas to build up.

Bloating frequently appears in the first trimester and may worsen during the third trimester, starting in week 29 as the fetus occupies more space and puts pressure on neighboring organs. If a woman had IBS before becoming pregnant, it’s possible that her symptoms would worsen or occur more frequently. Constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and other symptoms are brought on by IBS, along with frequent abdominal pain.

Pregnant women may also be more sensitive to symptoms in their small intestines due to their heightened emotions and body awareness. Because of this, bloating may be more noticeable in a pregnant woman than in a non-pregnant person. The fact that the main sign of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, which can affect anyone, is bloating may be worth keeping in mind.

8.2 Prevention

Here are some ideas to prevent bloating during pregnancy,

Fiber Diet during pregnancy
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  • Eat more little meals throughout the day.
  • Eat a diet rich in fresh produce, whole grains, beans, vegetables, and other fiber-rich foods.
  • Steers clear of foods that are high in fat.
  • Reduce your intake of gas-producing foods like beans, cabbage, legumes, broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts.
  • Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day, at the very least.
  • Beware of caffeine.
  • Avoid consuming alcohol.
  • Get some regular, mild exercise.
  • Eat something light before bedtime instead.

8.3 Treatment

Bloating during pregnancy usually doesn’t need any medical attention. When treating bloating during pregnancy, a doctor will,

  • Assess the woman’s symptoms and contrast them with the level of discomfort associated with bloating that is regarded as “normal” during pregnancy.
  • Ascertain whether any medical conditions require treatment.
  • Prescribe or suggest a drug to treat constipation.
  • If SIBO is present, prescribe antibiotics for the condition.

Bloating and belly start feeling hard during pregnancy. Both are totally different. Together bloating is happening all because of hormone changes and diet practices. But the abdomen feels firm or feel tight is because of the growing uterus or uterus stretch, which makes the growing fetus to develop further.

9. Conclusion

The tightening and weight gain are probably just symptoms of the growing baby and the uterus expanding within our body. The distance from the pubic bone to the top of the uterus is approximately 15 inches at the end of pregnancy. The internal organs become crowded as the uterus grows. Breathing can become challenging if the diaphragm and lungs are under pressure. Additionally, more frequent trips to the bathroom may result from the pressure of the uterus against the bladder.

A pregnant belly will eventually begin to feel hard, but even at that point, it will experience varying degrees of firmness. Even after the belly has cleared, it will occasionally feel soft and pliable to the touch and other times more like a rock. Intense discomfort; as the belly hardens; a feeling that the mother is going into labor; a fever; feminine bleeding; the movement of the baby is becoming low; whatever the case, the mother should discuss their worries with the OBGYN and get treatment as soon as possible.

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Harina is a Freelance WordPress Writer. She writes about Technology, Health & Wellness and Travels.
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