When you add a new product to your skin care regimen, you may notice that your skin is actually getting worse. This may not be the fault of your skin or the skincare product. A new product containing active ingredients first draws all the bacteria, oil, dirt, and dead skin cells beneath your skin to the surface before eliminating them. Breakouts that result from this are called skin purging.
Using chemical-based exfoliators with acne-fighting ingredients or for anti-aging or retinoid creams usually results in purging. They remove all the buildup of dead skin cells, excess sebum, and chemicals that your skin has absorbed and retained. Purging is a good sign that the product may be working, even though you could experience a breakout at first.
According to the Mayo Clinic, curing acne takes time, and using new acne remedies may make your skin seem worse before it gets better. Certain skincare items and chemicals are well known for bringing on severe outbreaks of acne. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology reports that during the first few weeks of treatment, some patients who add the topical retinoid tretinoin to their regimen have fresh acne outbreaks.
Read ahead to understand what skin purging is.
Is Skin Purging A Myth?
Since exfoliating acids like alpha and beta hydroxy acids are made to stimulate skin surface turnover, they may cause a brief purging. They are not a direct cause of acne, unlike some pore-clogging substances like comedogenic oils.
According to board-certified dermatologist Marisa Garshick, MD, a skin purge does not necessarily indicate that a product is ineffective or that you are allergic to it, nor does it indicate that you should discontinue using it. While it can happen, purging shouldn’t be a reason for alarm because it may just be the natural process of the component working its way into the body.
How Can I Tell If My Skin Is Purging?
Due to the similarity in appearance to previous breakouts, you might not immediately notice when your skin is cleansing. Papules and pustules, two frequent kinds of acne, can both appear during an outbreak. Early pimples are tiny papules; red bumps with a firm texture. That might indicate what isn’t and what is skin purging.
Having a lot of papules can make your skin feel like sandpaper, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). Like papules, pus-filled pimples known as pustules have a yellowish fluid inside and often have a yellow or white center; these pimples are more popularly called whiteheads.
Common Forms of Acne During a Skin Purge
While it may appear that the product is “causing” your skin to break out, the ingredients that cause purging exfoliate the skin, stimulating the growth of new cells. As a result, what frequently occurs is that acne symptoms that were already developing beneath the skin appear sooner than they would have.
The zit was previously present; it sometimes takes weeks to notice it on your skin. Purges hasten this process and frequently lead to several forms of acne, all of which are classified as “inflammatory acne.” Acne breakouts can range from pustules to blackheads, whiteheads, and cysts.
Most acne signs, such as pimples, arise from an inflammatory response from the body, and inflammatory acne encompasses a wide spectrum of acne types. Acne bacteria can occasionally form when excess oil, called sebum, and debris, including dead skin cells, combine inside a pore. Your body recognizes this bacterium, releasing white blood cells to attack the foreign substance. Inflammation is the cause of why a normal pimple can appear to be red, bloated, and pus-filled.
How Is Purging Different From A Breakout?
The difference between what is skin purging and what is a breakout may be difficult to determine. Breakouts are caused by toxins that are trapped in your skin and are the cause of your acne and blackheads.
What is skin purging? Purging is the skin’s attempt to cleanse by forcing out all the toxins that have built up and revealing clearer skin.
Rather than being the result of a cleanse, a breakout could be an allergic reaction to one of the substances. It might be challenging to distinguish between a breakout and determining what skin purging is if you have acne-prone skin.
Your skin won’t have blemishes or be marked by the removal of pimples. It repairs the skin to produce younger-looking, healthy skin cells. Breakouts are not good for the skin since they leave scars and imperfections.
To get rid of dead cells, skin cell turnover is quicker. The purging duration can range from one or two weeks to one or two months. No set time indicates when breakouts will stop occurring; they can endure for a long time. The rate of cell turnover is normal. After utilizing a new product for a few days, the skin starts to purge.
What Causes Skin Purging?
Exfoliating acids like alpha hydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids typically cause skin purging, while other products and chemical processes can also cause it. Making the inner layers of your skin a little bit looser upon application and removing dirt and oil exfoliating the skin is one sign of skin purging.
Aside from active ingredients like benzoyl peroxide, lactic acid, retinyl palmitate, retinol, tazarotene, vitamin C, glycolic acid, and salicylic acid, other products with these ingredients also cause skin purging. Chemical peels and laser procedures like microdermabrasion have also reported similar results.
Since these are made to bring new skin cells to the top layer and leave behind a more youthful, smooth complexion, they are commonly included in products for aged skin and exfoliation.
Because they aid in your skin’s ability to produce new cells to replace the old ones, these substances are known to trigger what is skin purging. Additionally, if a facial mask or detox mask contains any of these chemicals, your skin may begin to purge.
How to Tell the Difference Between Skin Purging vs. a Breakout
It’s crucial to remember that not all reactions to new skincare products indicate skin purging when adding them to your regimen. There are occasions when the product you’re using may be irritating your skin for a different reason, such as blocking your pores, which can cause acne, or setting off an allergic reaction, which may irritate you.
Your skin is probably experiencing a standard breakout rather than skin purging; if it breaks out after using products like moisturizing oils, sunscreen, or makeup formulas, that can clog pores. There are a few factors you can remember to help you distinguish between a purge breakout and a regular acne breakout if you experience it on your skin after using a new product.
The breakout length is the first symptom to watch for because a purge’s acne has a shorter life cycle than a typical breakout. It will disappear faster than it would in a regular breakout, which may help you understand what is skin purging.
It may be a clue that a new product is not working for you or is even making things worse if you start using one known to cause purging, but the breakouts linger longer than four to six weeks. Also, if you’re irritated in new places, it’s not showing what skin purging is because they cause breakouts in the regions where you typically get acne symptoms.
How Long Does a Skin Purge Last?
Purging might persist anywhere from a few weeks to a few months. Dermatologists typically believe that purging stops within four to six weeks after beginning a new skincare routine. Consult your physician if you realize that purging has continued past six weeks. Since purging happens when an ingredient tries to accelerate the skin’s natural pace of shedding and renewal, the worst of it should be over after one full skin cycle. Because everyone’s skin is different, the time frame will vary.
A quicker rate of cell turnover is seen. In an adult around the age of 30, cells are replaced in around four weeks. The cycle lengthens as we become older. Skin purging is prolonged for the course of the cell renewal cycle by exfoliators that contain purge-inducing chemicals. Sometimes it may continue for a few extra weeks.
Even though you have no control over how long the purging process will go on, there are several important suggestions to make the process simpler. You could be tempted to throw away the product when a purge starts, but you should keep continuing. To give your skin time to adapt to the new routine, physicians advise adding new products gradually to your regimen.
Try using new retinol, for instance, once during the first week, twice during the second week, three times during the third week, and so on, until you use the product daily or every other day, depending on how sensitive your skin is. Additionally, always carefully examine the ingredients of new items before choosing them, and contrast them with similar ones.
Sticking to a gentle skincare routine and avoiding harsh ingredients can help in preventing escalating inflammation. A sulfate-free gentle cleanser, moisturizer, and sunscreen should all be used. Additionally, you should avoid using other exfoliants or items with strong perfumes or other substances that could irritate your skin even more. You should also refrain from touching your face, picking at the pimples, and peeling skin at this time because the skin is especially delicate and susceptible.
If your breakouts continue past the two to three-month mark or get worse, this may indicate that your skin is reacting poorly to the product you’re using. To find out what’s going on in this situation, it’s always better to speak with your local dermatologist because they are the ones who know your skin the best and can guide you accordingly.As an Amazon Associate, Icy Health earns from qualifying purchases.