Do Air Fryers Cause Cancer: Separating Fact from Fiction

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Air fryers have grown in popularity in recent years as a healthier alternative to traditional frying methods, but there is rising worry among health experts and consumers alike about the potential relationship between air fryer use and cancer. The question remains: do air fryers cause cancer?

Air fryers are kitchen appliances that use hot air to cook food, producing a crunchy exterior similar to fried food without the need for oil. They have grown in popularity in recent years due to a growing interest in better eating habits and a desire to reduce oil consumption in cooking.

It becomes an important matter to discuss whether air fryers cause cancer because of the health risks associated with the development of acrylamide, a carcinogenic substance that can be produced when certain foods are cooked at high temperatures.

It is critical to engage in open discourse about the safety of air fryers to encourage healthy cooking practices.

What is Acrylamide?

During cooking certain processes such as high-temperature cooking, roasting, frying, and baking lead to the development of a chemical substance termed acrylamide. This substance is the result of the reaction between sugars and an amino acid called asparagine which is present in many foods.

This compound is classified as a probable cancer-causing substance.

Acrylamide is formed in foods during cooking when certain types of foods are heated to high temperatures, typically above 120°C (248°F). Based on studies done on humans and animals, this compound has been linked to an increased risk of cancer.

How Air Fryer Works

An air fryer works on a simple principle: it cooks food at high temperatures by circulating hot air in and around it. The gadget employs a heating element and a fan to circulate hot air around the food, which is placed within the air fryer in a basket or tray. The hot air circulates, cooking the food from all sides, resulting in evenly cooked and crispy food with minimum oil droplets.

Comparison to Other Cooking Methods

Compared to other cooking methods, air fryers are generally considered to be a healthier option as they require less oil or fat to produce crispy food. This is particularly beneficial for those trying to reduce their calorie intake or lower their consumption of unhealthy fats.

deep frying potato
by four oaks/ Unlimphotos Copyright 2022

Air frying, as opposed to deep frying, employs heated air to cook food, resulting in a lower fat level in the finished product. Air fryers are also convenient and simple to use, resulting in uniformly cooked and crispy food that does not require flipping or rotating. However, while utilizing air fryers, it is necessary to note the potential health hazards linked with high-temperature cooking and acrylamide generation.

The main reason for its appeal is that it provides a healthier alternative to grilling your favorite crispy treats. They are also simple to use and deliver uniformly cooked food with little effort. Furthermore, they are adaptable and may be used to cook a range of items, making them a culinary staple in many households.

Claim: Air Fryers Cause Cancer

There are concerns that air fryers may cause cancer due to the potential formation of acrylamide during high-temperature cooking. Acrylamide is a carcinogenic substance that can be produced when certain foods are cooked at high temperatures. As air fryers use hot air to cook food, there is a concern that they may produce higher levels of acrylamide during the cooking process.

do air fryers cause cancer?
by arinahabich/ Unlimphotos copyright 2022

With all these studies there is still no conclusive evidence that air fryers can cause cancer. According to studies, air fryers create acrylamide levels comparable to those produced by traditional cooking procedures such as baking and roasting.

It is very crucial to note that acrylamide formation can be determined by a variety of factors such as food type, cooking time, and temperature. Cook with caution and consume a well-balanced diet to reduce your risk of cancer.

Evidence Supporting the Claim

Several studies have been conducted to investigate the potential link between acrylamide consumption and cancer risk in humans. The Swedish National Food Administration discovered in a 2002 study that acrylamide is present in many commonly consumed foods and that high amounts of acrylamide ingestion may raise the risk of some malignancies in people. Subsequent research has also revealed a link between acrylamide consumption and an increased risk of cancer, notably malignancies of the kidney, endometrium, and ovaries.

In regards to the role of air fryers in particular, a 2015 study conducted by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) discovered that air fryers create comparable levels of acrylamide as other cooking methods such as baking and roasting.

Overall, while there is evidence to suggest that high levels of acrylamide consumption may increase the risk of cancer, the link between air fryers specifically and cancer risk remains inconclusive.

Evidence Refuting the Claim

Several studies have found no direct evidence linking the use of air fryers to an increased risk of cancer. One such study, published in the Journal of Food Science in 2019, found that air frying reduced the levels of acrylamide in fried potatoes compared to deep frying.

Another study published in the International Journal of Food Science and Technology in 2018 found that air frying resulted in lower levels of acrylamide formation compared to traditional deep frying, pan frying, or oven baking. The study also noted that the use of air fryers resulted in lower levels of fat absorption by the food being cooked.

Additionally, a review of studies on the potential health risks of acrylamide consumption published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry in 2018 concluded that while acrylamide is a carcinogenic substance, the risk of cancer from acrylamide consumption is likely to be low for the average person.

While caution should always be exercised when cooking food at high temperatures, these studies suggest that air fryers are a relatively safe and healthy cooking option compared to deep frying or other high-fat cooking methods.

Potential Health Benefits of Air Fryers

You can get some potential health benefits while using an air fryer that is low-fat and fried food. This can result in lower calorie intake and reduced risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity.

1. Healthier Cooking Methods Compared to Traditional Deep Frying Methods

For various reasons, air frying is a healthier cooking method than standard frying methods. To begin with, air fryers use substantially less oil or fat than deep fryers, which can result in significantly lower calorie and fat intake.

This is especially crucial for people trying to lower their risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity. Without using excess oil or fat, air fryers give you crispy and tasty snacks.

Another added benefit of air frying your food is that it lowers the risk of exposure to toxic compounds such as acrylamide.

2. Reducing the Risk of Heart Disease and Other Health Problems

In various ways, air fryers can help reduce the risk of heart disease and other health problems. It uses a minimal amount of oil, hence reducing the amount of trans fat and saturated fat in your diet.

These fats are the known factors to increase cholesterol levels and lead to strokes or heart conditions.

low calories intake
by Olivier-Le-Moal/ Unlimphotos Copyright 2022

Furthermore, air frying can assist minimize calorie intake, which can help people lose or maintain a healthy weight. Air frying can help minimize the risk of becoming obese, which is a key risk factor for a variety of health problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and several malignancies.

 Potential Health Risks of Air Fryers

The primary health danger connected with air fryers is the formation of acrylamide, a chemical molecule that can occur in some foods when fried at high temperatures, including in air fryers.

1. Risk of Acrylamide Formation

The risk of cancer and other health problems can be increased with the consumption of Acrylamide. But still more studies and research are needed on this topic to conclude.

From a health perspective traditional cooking methods can be replaced with air fryers, it is important to keep in mind the potential risks connected with acrylamide formation and to use proper cooking techniques to minimize the formation of this compound in foods.

2. Risk of Consuming too Many Unhealthy Fats

Another potential health risk associated with air fryers is the consumption of too many unhealthy fats. While air fryers use less oil or fat than traditional frying methods, some users may still add excessive amounts of oil or choose unhealthy oils that are high in saturated or trans fats.

deep fried patato chips with ketchup
by makidotvn/ Unlimphotos copyright 2022

Regular consumption of this unhealthy fat can increase the risk of various health problems such as heart disease and diabetes. You can prevent this health problem by lowering the consumption of unhealthy fat and using healthy oil during cooking and opting for low-fat foods.


All the studies and research on the relationship between an air fryer and cancer have not proven that air fryer causes cancer. Still, there are health risks related to the use of air fryers, because of the chemical release while cooking in an air fryer with a certain type of oil at a certain temperature. The air fryers have proven that the risk is low of developing cancer.

However, it is important to note that the long-term effects of using air fryers on human health are not yet fully understood. Therefore, it is always advisable to use air fryers in moderation and to adopt a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods prepared using different cooking methods.

In conclusion, while there is no conclusive evidence to suggest that air fryers cause cancer, it is important to be mindful of the potential risks associated with cooking at high temperatures

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