dust allergy

6 Effective Dust Mite Allergy Treatment

The dust mite allergy treatment is available, but before that, we should know what it is, its symptoms, how to diagnose it, and the cure for it. The dust mite allergy is caused by dust mite allergens that belong to the family of spiders, and the allergen is the tiny bug’s dead body and feces left around the house.

There is no home except in Antarctica, where there are no dust mites. The dust mites are found on beds, curtains, upholstered furniture, and carpets. The dust mite allergy symptoms are mostly similar to other allergies, so they are hard to detect. The allergens feed on the dead skin cells of the person or their pets. So, the doctor takes allergy tests to know which type of allergy is experienced by the person.

In dust mite allergy, the symptoms are similar to asthma symptoms which can confuse people. The dust mites live in temperatures of medium humidity. So most dust mites cannot survive in low humidity levels or extreme temperatures, but the dust mite allergens are the dead bodies and feces which cause allergic reactions.

Dust mites allergies cannot be cured if you kill them, but by removing their dead bodies and the waste left behind to stop allergic reactions that can trigger asthma, hay fever, or difficulty breathing. Now let’s see some dust mite allergy symptoms, how to diagnose them, and the dust mite allergy treatment.

1. Dust Mite Allergy Symptoms

dust mite allergy treatment
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There are many dust mite allergy symptoms which can be a runny nose, a lot of sneezing, itchy red or watery eyes, cough, itchy or stuffy nose, the roof of mouth or throat, nasal congestion, facial pressure or pain, postnatal drip, swollen blue-colored skin under the eyes and trouble falling asleep due to the allergic reaction.

Asthma patients have significantly different symptoms in the case of dust mite allergy symptoms are difficulty breathing, chest pain or tightness, trouble sleeping due to constant sneezing and coughing, an audible whistling or wheezing sound when exhaling normally, and bouts of cough or sneezing which gets worse in case of cold or common flu.

A dust mite allergy ranges from mild to severe, and the effect of the symptoms depends on the range of the dust mite allergy. The dust mite allergy can be confused with viral illnesses like the common cold or flu. Many people are allergic to dust mites, and it is not contagious. So, be sure to help anyone who experiences the dust mite allergic reaction around you.

2. Dust Mite Allergy Diagnosis

dust mite allergy diagnosis
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Dust mite allergies come to notice when you experience some of the symptoms mentioned above. The symptoms may worsen when you are at home or going to bed. In case of these allergy symptoms, indoor allergens are dust mites. You have to notice the little things as they help to know the severity of the allergic reactions.

You may be near an item of upholstered furniture and suddenly experience some symptoms and cannot control the allergy symptoms. If you experience allergy symptoms more frequently, you should visit a healthcare center or doctor before your health conditions worsen due to the allergic reactions.

Doctors undertake two tests to know whether you need a dust mite allergy treatment. These tests have pros and cons; which test is to be taken depends on the person who will take it. Allergy testing can be done through these allergy tests

blood test
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1. Blood Test

The doctors recommend a blood test for dust mite allergies if some people have skin problems and cannot undergo a skin test. In the blood test, the blood sample is taken to the laboratory to be tested under the microscope to see the level of IgE antibodies by adding the dust mite proteins to the blood samples. If the IgE level is high, it indicates a dust mite allergy.

skin prick test
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2. Skin Prick Test

As the name suggests in this test, the doctor pricked the skin to test if the person had a dust mite allergy. Usually, the person’s skin test is done by cleaning the area where the test is to be done, and then the dust mite proteins are pricked into the skin but not too deep. Some of the dust mite allergens are dropped on the skin cells.

The allergy skin test takes less than an hour to be completed. After that, the allergic reaction starts, and the area infected by the doctor can change color or have bug marks. The doctor measures the bug marks, and depending on the size of the bite mark; you can predict the severity of the dust allergy symptoms.

3. Dust Mite Allergy Treatment

To treat the dust mite allergy symptoms, we first need to see that we eliminate dust mites from the house. House dust is what attracts the dust mites, and so there are some ways to avoid dust mites; they are to use allergen-proof bed covers or box springs, have a dehumidifier or air conditioner, wash bedding regularly with hot water, clean household dust daily and if you have stuffed toys wash it regularly.

By cleaning the household dust daily, you can be free from various common allergens and control symptoms of the dust mite allergy to relieve sneezing, stuffy nose, or freeing the nasal passages. Now let’s see some dust mite allergy treatment that helps relieve dust allergies.

allergy shot
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1. Allergy Shots

Allergy shots or immunotherapy is a way of training the immune system not to be affected by the allergens of dust mite allergies. Immunotherapy can be given in two forms: allergy shots or sublingual tablets. The allergy shots dosage contains dust mites proteins injected into the body in small portions over two weeks. The person is exposed to dust allergens to help the body adapt to the change over time.

Immunotherapy or Allergy shots are taken for one to five years as gradually the dosage amount is increased and the immune system can adapt to the changing atmosphere and the dust mite allergy foundation. That is, the allergens do not affect the person. These allergy medications are given when the simple medication is not working for that person.

decongestants
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2. Decongestants

The dust mite allergy majorly affects the nose as one may experience a stuffy nose, so to clear the nasal passage decongestant is performed, which helps to shrink the swollen tissues and make breathing easier through the nose. The decongestants are used for temporary relief and cannot be used for a long period as it causes a rebound effect, so it is the best temporary dust mite allergy treatment.

Various over-the-counter decongestants help to reduce allergy symptoms. They are in the form of nasal sprays, and they should not be taken for more than three days simultaneously as the nasal congestion can worsen. Oral decongestants should not be taken by someone who experiences blood pressure problems as it may worsen the disease.

Antihistamines
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3. Antihistamines

Various over-the-counter allergy medications or antihistamines are available to prevent dust mites’ allergic reactions. Antihistamines are prescription medications that help the immune system to reduce the production of the chemical that is allergic to dust mites. It helps to relieve symptoms like runny nose, sneezing, and itching.

The antihistamines are two types: oral antihistamines that help block histamines and do not cause allergic rhinitis symptoms. The antihistamine nasal sprays are taken directly and sprayed into the nostrils to block the histamines. It shows results around thirty minutes after taking the medication.

Nasal Corticosteroids
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4. Nasal Corticosteroids

Nasal corticosteroids help to reduce symptoms of hay fever and reduce inflammation that is caused due to dust allergies. They help to control allergic rhinitis symptoms like runny nose and congestion. Often, the dust mite extract is on the stuffed toys or beds that causes chronic inflammation around the nose. So, it is a dust mite allergy treatment.

A nasal corticosteroid is different from an oral corticosteroid as they have fewer side effects and provides the drug in small portions. The nasal corticosteroid is to be directly sprayed into the nostrils, and regular use helps to see the best results. It is safe to be used by all adults and pregnant women, but only some specific type is used for children. House dust is also a reason for the dust mites allergy.

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Image from Shutterstock

5. Antileukotriene

The dust mite allergy treatment can be done using the anti-leukotriene modifier, also known as leukotriene. The anti-leukotriene allergy drug montelukast is prescribed to control the dust mites allergy. This allergy medication is in tablet form and helps to block the immune system from a certain chemical that controls the dust mites allergy symptoms.

Leukotriene helps to prevent dust mites allergy and also treats severe asthma attacks as it controls the production of certain chemicals causing allergic reactions. Some of the side effects of the allergy drug montelukast are headache, fever, upper respiratory infection, mood swings, ear infection, fatigue, heartburn, and itchy skin or rash.

prevent dust mites
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6. Preventing Dust Mites

Dust mites thrive in more than relative humidity, so we should try to maintain the house temperature in relative humidity by adjusting the air conditioning unit and having high-efficiency particulate air in the house that helps to prevent dust mite allergy and trap dust mites outside of the house. It helps not to get a dust mite allergy treatment.

To declutter the space in the house so there is no house dust settled on surfaces like newspapers, magazines, or books. You should regularly clean the hard surfaces with a damp cloth and hot water to remove pet dander and allergens causing the dust mite allergy. Dust mite allergy also messes with our mental health so try to keep the house clean and avoid dust allergies as they take a long time to cure fully.

visiting doctor
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When To Visit Doctor

Suppose you regularly experience the dust allergy symptoms like runny nose, constant sneezing, or shortness of breath, among others. In that case, you should consider seeing a doctor, as if you try to avoid the symptoms for a long period can lead to worsening the consequences caused by the dust mite allergy. So visit the doctor, also known as an allergist, for allergies.

Before visiting the allergist, list all the symptoms you experience and see if there is any family history relating to a similar type or allergy. After visiting the doctor, follow through with all the instructions given by the doctor and regularly update your doctor on the improvement to keep the dust mite allergy treatment on track and be healthy fast.

Takeaway

This article discusses the various types of dust mite allergy treatments, their symptoms, diagnosis, and when to see a doctor. The treatment of dust mite allergens can be done by taking allergy shots, decongestants, antihistamines, nasal corticosteroids, and anti-leukotriene and by preventing dust mites from increasing at home.

To prevent dust mite allergens, we should clean the house with hot water and wash the bedding and carpets regularly. We should try to keep the house’s humidity by keeping the air conditioner at a temperature where the dust mites cannot survive. These small steps will enable us to keep the dust mites away from the house and have a low chance of having a dust allergy or any other allergy.

Also, a lifestyle change is a must for keeping the dust mite allergens away. So, try to keep household dust to a minimum by regularly vacuuming. If you experience any dust mite allergy symptoms, look into it carefully and visit the doctor immediately if the symptoms are not cured even after taking over-the-counter medicine.