In psychology, ‘therapeutic interventions’ is a term used to describe actions or practices to improve the social, emotional, and mental well-being of an individual. It is the effort made by a group or an individual to help someone in need of care but is refusing it or unable to accept it for various reasons.
The intervention may be led by a professional interventionist or by family and friends. The intervention can be physical, psychological, or pharmacological. It may be like a confrontation with those who are restraint for help or who have self-destructive issues.
Not all methods are suitable for every person. There are several different therapeutic interventions, and each person and their problems may require a different approach.
Goals of Therapeutic Interventions
Therapeutic interventions are used to make improvements in how the person thinks, feels, and acts. It emphasizes making modifications in self-destructive behaviors like addiction or self-harm actions like hair pulling, burning, scratching, and cutting.
Generally, a relevant professional or a team of therapists or support therapeutic interventions. In some instances, family members or friends may play the lead role with or without supervision from a professional.
Usually, the intervention is directed at a particular individual. Sometimes, a therapist may also involve the family and friends of a person in need of therapy. This is for the people surrounding the person to understand the problem better and have ways to handle the situation.
Where do Therapeutic Interventions take place?
Therapeutic interventions are usually conducted in rehabilitation centers or psychiatric institutional settings. They may also occur in a community scene like a home, foster care, welfare centers, and hospitals.
Interventions are used as one of the treatment methods for various problems like borderline personality disorder, addictions, eating disorders, psychological problems, or habits that can cause harm.
An intervention can help the person understand their situation and seek the necessary treatment. It also helps prevent the individual from relapsing into undesirable behavior by finding new ways to positive behavior change.
Situations such as a suicide threat can require immediate intervention. In such a situation, Crisis Intervention is useful. There are many types of therapeutic interventions, and more than one type may be used to treat the problem.
How does therapeutic Intervention work?
Intervention works as a non-violent, pre-planned mediation of harmful situations for positive reinforcement. An intervention may be designed specifically for a particular individual or for a whole community. For example, a community intervention can raise awareness of breast cancer during a city parade or through advertisements on the television.
A community intervention can also take place through different policies implemented by the government, like enforcement of drinking and driving fines by local police to make a person understand the dangers of such recklessness.
The main goal of an intervention is to change negative behavior into a positive outcome through a carefully planned, non-threatening action.
Types of Therapeutic Interventions
There are several approaches to therapeutic interventions. A trained therapist may use any one or a combination of these therapeutic approaches for treatment. Here are a few types of interventions:
1. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
This method is used for treating a range of problems from physical and mental health issues to social problems like delinquency and other deficits in social skills. It has a wide range of applications and is used to address emotion, psychology, and behavior and improve the person’s well-being.
2. Behavioral therapy
Behavioral Therapy is mainly used for appropriate behavior reinforcement in children who have problems in behavior caused due to maltreatment. This model is based on certain theories in psychology called Operant conditioning and Classic Conditioning. These theories are mainly used in psychosocial treatments and behavior analysis.
3. Modelling and Skill training
The aim of this therapeutic process is for individuals to find different ways to handle a situation. According to the social learning theory, what we have experienced in the past may make us act in certain situations.
If the action is negative, it may have a harsh impact. This model helps bring a positive change by re-training such experiences and acting in new ways to handle situations.
4.Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy
The net foundation of this therapy is based on concepts of cognitive behavior therapy to target traumatic symptoms by helping gain coping skills. It helps in gaining new skills of coping, stress management, symptom management, and cognitive restructuring. This creates an appropriate account for the trauma and helps in gradual and graded exposure.
5. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
This model is used for the treatment of traumatic experiences with image exposure, bilateral stimulation, and replacing the beliefs of trauma. It helps in ‘desensitizing’ the traumatic experience and ‘reprocessing’ the trauma through a new point of view.
1. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catchup (ABC)
This mode of therapy is used to reduce parental behavior that may be seen as frightening and increase parental sensitivity. This helps in changing parental behavior that may cause dysregulation and behavior difficulties in children.
2. Attachment oriented Interventions
An infant has a strong disposition to form an attachment with their primary caregiver. Cases of emotional or physical abuse and neglect by the caregiver can cause several problems like poor socioeconomic developments, maladaptive practices, and sleep disorders. This intervention aims to enhance parental sensitivity and improve a child’s development.
3. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT)
PCIT is designed to help parents form a secure and nurturing relationship while enhancing social behavior in their children. This is aimed to decrease parental practices that are linked to maltreatment and attachment disorders. Inappropriate discipline, negative communication, and other corrosive behaviors are also treated with this method.
4. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)
The DDP intervention method uses a child-therapist relationship to address impairments with attachment disorders and complex childhood trauma. The child learns special skills on how to engage in relationships and how to benefit from them.
5. Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP)
It is a home-based specialized training for developmental guidance based on the mother’s concerns. It is a manualized therapy with direct instruction provided for one year on a weekly basis by a well-trained therapist.
For children aged below one year, this therapy is termed as ‘Infant-Parent Psychotherapy,’ and when the children are a little older, the intervention is called ‘Toddler-Parent Psychotherapy.’
1. Systemic Family Therapy
The systems theory suggests that individuals are mainly influenced by the number of interacting systems around them, particularly their family. There are many forms of family therapy, drawing a range of techniques from other forms of interventions, like cognitive therapies. (CBT).
2. Multisystemic Therapy
It is a therapy aimed at children and young people with severe psychosocial and behavioral problems. It is a short-term, multifaceted intervention in which treatment focus includes a combination of multiple systems involved in development like family, peers, school, neighborhood, or community.
This helps identify and target the problem to reduce symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression while promoting healthy life.
This is a solution-focused therapy that is based on gathering information and understanding their condition. It focuses on understanding how the problems are formed and find ways to manage them.
Education and providing information about the problem and coping strategies is the main characteristic of this therapy. Psychoeducational interventions are run as group therapy sessions to enable modeling of social development and modifying inappropriate.
1. Arts Therapy
Children who have been maltreated can find it difficult to verbalize their troubles and find the therapeutic environment to be difficult due to the verbalization of traumatic experiences.
In such cases, various media like paint, clay, photos, music therapy, poems and others are useful in facilitating non-verbal and verbal expressions of their thoughts and feelings. This helps form a therapeutic alliance to bridge the gap between the internal world and verbal communication in children who are unwilling to talk or cannot express their experiences.
2. Play activity Intervention
Depending on the age of the group, it is based on the objective to promote healthy development. Play activity interventions, such as sports, games, or physical exercise, are an enjoyable medium of intervention for children and adolescents to develop social skills and peer relations.
It has physiological benefits while improves cognitive development such as planning, problem-solving skills, self-regulation, and inhibition.
3. Animal therapy
The term refers to the use of animals to aid therapy through the provision of warmth, acceptance, and unconditional love in life through animal presence. The presence of animals has been shown to increase communication skills, lower anxiety or stress of therapy, and motivates the individual to participate in the therapy sessions actively.
This therapy intervention is also used to practice appropriate touch and teach boundaries in maltreated populations.
Who Benefits From Therapeutic Interventions?
Therapeutic interventions are for unwilling or unable to seek help when they need it the most. It can help understand and treat various problems like depression, addiction, anxiety disorders, behavioral issues, eating disorders, borderline personality disorder, and other mental health problems.
Therapeutic interventions treat a wide range of issues and help people find ways to deal with their problems. The treatment process is designed according to the requirement of the individual to improve their overall well-being.
The treatment may also involve the individual’s social circle, like family or friends, as part of the treatment to keep the individual motivated for improvement or to persuade them to seek the help they need.
If you know someone in need of help, therapeutic interventions can help them seek the necessary treatment. A qualified professional or a trained therapist can help guide you through the correct treatment process through the different types of therapeutic interventions, as per the problems of the individual.
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